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Scientists ready the X-37B unmanned orbital vehicle. The U.S. Air Force is using the space plane for unknown purposes.  (Source: EPA)

The X-37B sat in a silo earlier today.  (Source: EPA)

As evening set, the super-high tech craft launched in about as stealthy fashion is possible when using an Atlas V rocket.  (Source: EPA)

A rendering shows what the X-37B might look like in orbit.  (Source: EPA)
Is the X-37B the future of space flight? Maybe, but the Air Force sure isn't saying

The X-37B's curious tale began in 1999 when NASA contracted Boeing's Phantom Works (Calif.) division to build an unmanned space airplane.  The project was transferred to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency in September, 2004.  The NASA X-37A was redesigned in 2006 by a secret U.S. Air Force research unit, completing the current design, dubbed the X-37B Orbital Test Vehicle (OTV).

The craft was recently completed and has a 4.5 meter wingspan with a length of 8.9 meters.  It comes equipped with kerosene and hydrogen peroxide fuel tanks, an experimental bay, a large navigation "brain", and likely other more secret components.

Thursday night the OTV hurled into space in what appeared to be a clean launch from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida.  The X-37B OTV was carried on an Atlas V rocket, a relatively inexpensive rocket that has an extremely reliable track record.

What's it doing in space?  Your guess is as good as anyone else's.  And guesses tend to range from "deploying spy satellites" to "maintaining spy satellites".

Speaking to reporters, Gary Payton, Air Force deputy under secretary for space systems, confessed that there was indeed a secretive launch.  He comments, "Well, you can't hide a space launch, so at some point extra security doesn't do you any good."

The OTV will remain in orbit for nine months and then will make a landing at Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.  So is it doing something with spy satellites?  Payton would only guardedly remark, "On this flight the main thing we want to emphasize is the vehicle itself, not really, what's going on in the on-orbit phase because the vehicle itself is the piece of news here."

Payton didn't exact make any bold predictions of success either.  He comments, "In all honesty, we don't know when it's coming back for sure.  It depends on the progress we make with the on-orbit experiments and the on-orbit demonstrations."

The X-37B project is the culmination of undisclosed hundreds millions in defense spending.  Will all that investment be worth it?  Only a select handful of Air Force and government officials will be privy to the knowledge to make that assessment.

If there's one thing that's one clear about the X-37B project, it's that it aims to take a different approach to space exploration and utilization.  And it makes it clear that the U.S. isn't ready to relinquish its domination of space quite yet.

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RE: Military > NASA
By Spivonious on 4/23/2010 10:09:23 AM , Rating: 0
Isn't it already part of the USAF? They seem to always use air force personnel for their crews.

RE: Military > NASA
By Seemonkeyscanfly on 4/23/2010 10:18:43 AM , Rating: 2
No, a lot of the crew come from other branches too, Like the Navy. Watch the movie "The right stuff" it will help you... :)

RE: Military > NASA
By jhb116 on 4/25/2010 6:39:49 PM , Rating: 3
No - NASA garners recruits from all of the services as well from Universities. The military is one of the very few places to get high performance jet pilots.

I disagree with making it a part of the AF. NASA's role, however, should be reduced to a research agency specializing in aero and astronautics. We need an R&D house to push the limits of capabilities which NASA use to be good at when it was "light on its feet" and wasn't drowned in bureaucratic red tape.

RE: Military > NASA
By Yames on 4/26/2010 10:53:39 AM , Rating: 3
NASA has to civilian for several reasons.

One is the projects like the station, which are in part/whole intended to build foreign relations.

But the original reason it was made civilian is that we do not threaten other countries doing space based research over their land, and in cases where a civilian craft needs to land on foreign land/sea.

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