Researchers Move Humans One Step Closer to Being Walking Batteries
December 24, 2009 10:55 AM
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Researchers at IMEC have developed devices like this wristwatch that harvest human thermal energy and convert it into power for electronics.
(Source: IMEC via Physics Buzz)
The IMEC Heat Scavenger ECG Shirt, powered by human heat energy
(Source: IMEC via Physics Buzz)
The researchers also made this styling headband, which harvests even more electricity.
(Source: IMEC via Physics Buzz)
Hopefully the machines don't get their hands on this one
Vladimir Leonov and Ruud Vullers of the Interuniversity Microelectronics Center in Belgium have built up on past work and devised an
ambitious "energy harvester"
-- a device that essentially turns humans into big walking batteries. The research could lead to iPods and cell phones that never lose charge.
The researcher's new body heat-driven power supplies strap on to your forehead as a stylish head band. From there, they start harvesting your delicious thermal energy and turning it into electricity for the machines. Who knew homeostasis and electronics could wed so beautifully?
One system's waste is another's treasure -- when the body gives off heat during homeostasis, the process used to maintain a constant body temperature, a gradient is created with the surrounding air (hot by the body and increasingly cold as you travel away from the skin). Special electronics known as thermopiles can tap into this gradient and convert the energy to electricity.
The researchers demonstrated an electrocardiogram (ECG) dress shirt that looked pretty stylish and kept a monitor on your vitals to boot -- all without ever needing a battery. For those who aren't digging the headband, the researchers showed off a little bling -- a gold watch that serves as both a heat harvester and a stylish timepiece.
The downside is that human body heat energy generation isn't very efficient -- so either your army of robots needs to be very ultra-low voltage, or you need a lot of humans to power it. The researchers are working on developing ultra-low voltage (ULV) devices to exploit the bit of energy they manage to squeeze out. Why not just use a tiny battery in lieu of the pricey thermo-electrics? Because that would be plain old-fashioned, of course -- or at least that's the researchers' apparent line of thinking.
The new research can be
, reported in the
Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy
The idea of harvesting the kinetic and thermal waste energy produced from the human body is nothing new. For over a century self-winding watches have harvested wrist motion to never need a battery or old-fashioned hand-winding. Researchers are currently investigating putting
similar energy harvesting devices
on the wrist, hips, shoes soles, and potentially in backpacks. The army is looking to use such piezoelectric generators in its next generation of packs to help power soldiers' ULV electronics. Scientists have even devised tiny blood-stream generators to
harvest the kinetic energy of the bloodstream
to power nanoelectronics.
This article is over a month old, voting and posting comments is disabled
12/24/2009 1:56:59 PM
I'm going to be nit-picky about some biological, physical, and thermodynamic concepts alluded to in this article.
1. "iPods and cell phones that never lose charge." Let's try, "ipods and cell phones that never need to be recharged." Charge is not simply lost, and saying a device has a charge is not what was intended here (that implies more a static charge as opposed to a charged battery).
2. "homeostasis, the process used to maintain a constant body temperature" Homeostasis refers to many processes in the body besides temperature. Temperature regulation is simply one process involved in homeostasis.
3. "human body heat energy generation isn't very efficient" Generation of excess heat demonstrates inefficiency. Heat beyond that required for homeostasis is not desirable, so the fact that it is not produced indicates efficiency. The body would simply be wasting energy if it were to generate extreme amounts of heat.
4. "army of robots needs to be very ultra-low voltage" The term you're looking for is power, not voltage. A device may operate at a low voltage yet consume large amounts of power - like an Intel i7, for example.
That is all.
"Intel is investing heavily (think gazillions of dollars and bazillions of engineering man hours) in resources to create an Intel host controllers spec in order to speed time to market of the USB 3.0 technology." -- Intel blogger Nick Knupffer
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