Most drivers have been stuck in a traffic jam at one point or another. Some of the jams are caused by an accident or closed lanes. Other traffic jams crop up with seemingly no reason.
A group of mathematicians at MIT is working on the development of a new model to explain how and why these so-call phantom traffic jams form. According to the researchers, these types of phantom traffic jams form when there are a lot of cars on the road and small disturbances like a driver hitting the brakes too hard or getting too close to another car. These little disturbances can escalate into a self-sustaining traffic jam.
The model developed by the team of researchers may help road designers build roads to minimize the possibility of phantom traffic jams. The key to the study is the discovery that the mathematics of these jams called jamitons are very similar to the equations used to describe the detonation waves produced by explosions.
The discovery of the jamitons allowed the researchers to solve traffic jam equations first theorized in the 1950's. The equations are reportedly similar to those used in fluid mechanics and model traffic jams as self-sustaining waves. The equations allowed the researchers to calculate the conditions that case a jamitons to form and how fast the jamiton will spread.
According to the researchers, once this type of jamiton forms it is nearly impossible to break up and a driver’s only choice is to wait the jamiton out. The researchers say that the new model can help road designers to determine speed limits that are safer and find stretches of road where accidents are more likely.
One of the researchers, Aslan Kasimov, said, "We wanted to describe this using a mathematical model similar to that of fluid flow." Kasimov and his team say that they discovered that jamitons have a sonic point that separates traffic flow into upstream and downstream components. Communication of the cause of the jamiton to drivers it the downstream segment of traffic is impossible say the researchers.
quote: I always look far behind me...
quote: it is your responsibility to merge safely not theirs.
quote: So you've built up enough speed on the sliproad to merge with the traffic, getting near enough the main carrageway to see the traffic... Ahhh, no space for 5,6,7+ cars back up the road. You now have 40 meters to hit your brakes AND STOP from over 60Mph. Hope the person behind you isn't doing the same and concentrating of the traffic 1/2 mile back up the main road as he ploughs into your rear. If you do survive that then you'll need to wait for an even biggher gap to get back up to speed.
quote: But everybody has the responsibility to drive safely with consideration for other road users. Failure to leave enough space for merging traffic forcing them to hit the brakes is more likely to cause an accident.