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Past studies have shown that sunspot numbers correspond to warming or cooling trends. The twentieth century has featured heightened activity, indicating a warming trend.  (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

Solar activity has shown a major spike in the twentieth century, corresponding to global warming. This cyclic variation was acknowledged by a recent NASA study, which reviewed a great deal of past climate data.  (Source: Wikimedia Commons)
Report indicates solar cycle has been impacting Earth since the Industrial Revolution

Some researchers believe that the solar cycle influences global climate changes.  They attribute recent warming trends to cyclic variation.  Skeptics, though, argue that there's little hard evidence of a solar hand in recent climate changes.

Now, a new research report from a surprising source may help to lay this skepticism to rest.  A study from
NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland looking at climate data over the past century has concluded that solar variation has made a significant impact on the Earth's climate.  The report concludes that evidence for climate changes based on solar radiation can be traced back as far as the Industrial Revolution.

Past research has shown that the sun goes through eleven year cycles.  At the cycle's peak, solar activity occurring near sunspots is particularly intense, basking the Earth in solar heat.  According to Robert Cahalan, a climatologist at the Goddard Space Flight Center, "Right now, we are in between major ice ages, in a period that has been called the Holocene."

Thomas Woods, solar scientist at the University of Colorado in Boulder concludes, "The fluctuations in the solar cycle impacts Earth's global temperature by about 0.1 degree Celsius, slightly hotter during solar maximum and cooler during solar minimum.  The sun is currently at its minimum, and the next solar maximum is expected in 2012."

According to the study, during periods of solar quiet, 1,361 watts per square meter of solar energy reaches Earth's outermost atmosphere.  Periods of more intense activity brought 1.4 watts per square meter (0.1 percent) more energy.

While the NASA study acknowledged the sun's influence on warming and cooling patterns, it then went badly off the tracks.  Ignoring its own evidence, it returned to an argument that man had replaced the sun as the cause current warming patterns.  Like many studies, this conclusion was based less on hard data and more on questionable correlations and inaccurate modeling techniques.

The inconvertible fact, here is that even NASA's own study acknowledges that solar variation has caused climate change in the past.  And even the study's members, mostly ardent supports of AGW theory, acknowledge that the sun may play a significant role in future climate changes.

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RE: Math???
By MatthiasF on 6/4/2009 5:08:53 PM , Rating: 2
O.K., so that accounts for 0.1 degree Celsius. However, the global warming is 0.5 degrees Celsius (see So I don't understand where the report

You're not looking at data over the same scales. The graphic you show only goes back to the 1800s. This study goes back to 1400s. Almost all studies blaming humanity for the change specifically start their data at the Dalton Minimum.

The anomaly data is generated by comparison with an average over a specific amount of time. Most studies will disclose this period, like in the following graphic.

In this graphic, they've taken the average temperature over 100 years between 1901-2000 and generated anomalies for each year. An anomaly is the difference between that year's mean temperature (a modeled calculation in itself) across the entire planet and the long term average (all of the modeled means added together and divided by total years).

Now look at the same data from the UK's Climate Research Unit.

Why doesn't the data match up? Because the second graph is using a mean of temperatures from 1961-90. Thirty years, instead of 100.

There are numerous ways to skew the data to your liking and almost all types have been used by the fear-mongers. The fact remains that humanity does not put out enough greenhouse gases when compared to what the planet does through it's normal processes. Some studies even blame elevated levels of gas given off by the planet on the increase in human releases, providing yet another irrational "chicken or the egg" argument over symptoms instead of clarifying the cause.

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