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  (Source: Comedy Central)

Shopping can be a confusing experience for the elderly. However, researchers hope new technology will give those with dementia and Alzheimer's the ability to explore with confidence.  (Source: Telegraph UK)
New technology promises hope for older folks lost in the supermarket maze

The British government is hard at work dreaming up ways to use technology to help the elderly.  Some of the ideas it has come up with are a bit strange, to say the least.  One of the quirky ideas is to add turn-by-turn directions to shopping carts.

Apparently, the idea behind the project is to allow elderly patients currently confined to nursing homes with conditions such as dementia or Alzheimer's, the ability to go out into the world and explore, completing life tasks.  Shopping is one such daunting task, which would be extremely confusing to such individuals due to the plethora of products assailing the senses, and the narrow, sometimes maze-like aisles.  The new system uses a mobile phone, tied to GPS.

Newcastle University, which along with Aberdeen and Nottingham universities is conducting the research projects, also is testing a device that tracks lost elderly with mental conditions.  Professor Paul Watson, of Newcastle University comments, "Many older people lack the confidence to maintain ‘normal’ walking habits. This is often due to worries about getting lost in unfamiliar, new or changing environments."

Best of all, the new gadgets are designed to preserve the self-esteem of the elderly -- they are described by the researchers as "unobtrusive".

Professor Watson has also dreamed up a sensor-rich kitchen to help elderly patients with dementia.  In the kitchen, every cupboard door, appliance and utensil has sensors and/or RFID tags built into it.  They track the user's actions.  If the central processor thinks the person is becoming confused, it projects reminders onto the kitchen wall, cuing them to what they should be doing.

The setup could be coming to homes in five years, says Professor Watson.  He states, "This is for people starting to suffer from Alzheimer’s disease who may get half way through cooking a meal or making a cup of tea but who then get stuck. There are sensors in the utensils and floor so it knows when people are cutting vegetables or using the kettle.  It is designed to learn people’s behaviour and spot when something unusual has happened - then prompt them. The idea is to put it into your own home. The cost will be hundreds of pounds - and it will save on the costs of sheltered accommodation."

The setup has pressure pads on the floor to determine where the person is standing and what way they are facing.  The central computing unit is hidden in one of the cupboards.

Professor Watson and his fellow researchers have also completed a home health kit that collects vital signs, including heartbeat, temperature and breathing rates, and sends them wirelessly to a doctor's office.



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safety
By tastyratz on 4/30/2009 9:01:14 AM , Rating: 2
quote:
it projects reminders onto the kitchen wall, cuing them to what they should be doing.


Like not attempting to cook with a stove?

I am sorry but what kind of liability can we be looking at here? The system will guide but not act on its own nor will it be perfect. If a person has deteriorated to the point where they can not confidently move about the kitchen to cook a meal, should they be cooking their own meals?

I would think someone that disconnected would present a self hazard as well as one to the people around them by using something that requires as much attention as FIRE does.

Will the sensor detect if a piece of paper is brushed a little too close to the burner before the fire starts from the person who walked away? Will they be coherent at the time they need a fire extinguisher? What if they live in an apartment where their actions also impact others?

at what point does a safeguard become a safety hazard?




RE: safety
By JasonMick (blog) on 4/30/2009 9:10:28 AM , Rating: 1
I suggest the EZBake oven...those things are pretty failsafe ;)


RE: safety
By Bender 123 on 4/30/2009 9:49:24 AM , Rating: 2
It could be even safer if you hook the person up with an LED bulb...


RE: safety
By Souka on 4/30/2009 1:47:48 PM , Rating: 2
The LED EZ-Bake oven is the new model...a more eco-friendly model than the orignial incadecent model, which was briefly replaced by the Compact flouresent model...

:)


RE: safety
By BBeltrami on 4/30/2009 11:00:02 AM , Rating: 2
If we're truly interested in helping the eldery, the government should spend research money on understanding the genes involved in aging, understanding the brain as it ages, and addressing bone and muscle issues that plague the elderly.

This stuff misses the mark so bad it's embarrassing. I mean really, if a patient has alzheimers and needs directions to the next grocery item, there not going to remember the shopping experience an hour later. As a result, there is no benefit to the patient and the idea itself is flawed.

Of course, if I were a lawmaker with elderly parents, I'd probably be patting myself on the back for my thoughtfulness, ingenuity and continuing support of the older generation... in a large news conference.


RE: safety
By Reclaimer77 on 4/30/09, Rating: 0
RE: safety
By ClownPuncher on 4/30/2009 12:15:04 PM , Rating: 4
It's human nature to want to survive. You're not going to convince people to just up and die because not doing so "cheats nature".


RE: safety
By geddarkstorm on 4/30/2009 2:41:20 PM , Rating: 2
Actually, people generally live a lot shorter (the average life span is still only the 70s), and less healthy in later years, than they should be able to. We've had plenty of examples and cases of people living well into the 90s and 100s at the same level of health as the standard population in their 60s and 70s. The truth is, our genetics and biology is more than capable of letting us live longer than we do, but various reasons not completely understood, though most seemingly revolving around dietary cues, shortens our spans (and conversely, those with specific metabolic genes or diets tend to live a lot longer, and healthier all the way through). Dementia should not, in any way, be a part of aging.

Genetically, the only limit on our life span is our telomere length. Now, a new born, or embryonic cells, have about 90 population doublings in them before they go senescent (meaning lose functionality, not just mitotic potential, and eventually self destruct). A 70 year old person's stem cells have 20-30 population doublings left (and don't need to use them as often, as they aren't in development anymore, just for healing and maintenance); that is, they still have 1/3rd of their effective ceullar life span left to go. That is why, genetically, scientist say we should be able to live 120 years maximum, unless of course we can safely activate telomerase and restore our telomeres, thus making us as long lived in theory as our species itself (which is a chain of unbroken genetics and mitochondria in the first place).

A great example of what I mean is calorie restriction (CR), which has been shown as the only known (thus far) method to consistently and significantly increase the life span and health of all tested multi-cellular organisms. Currently, studies on rhesus monkeys are underway and thus far showing the trend continues for them. Likely the reason CR works as it does, is once you have stopped maturing and growing, your body no longer needs high levels of nutrients and resources. Flooding the body with them constantly causes important pathways, like the protein Sirt1, to shut off. After that, all sorts of tomfoolery begins to build up, such as loss of specific gene regulation which Sirt1 is partially responsible for -- meaning that neurons begin to express liver only genes and proteins, and voila, you get neuronal degradation and dementia. Of course, this is all just one of many theories on aging, but none the less, we aren't programmed in any way to undergo this, this is aberrant events caused by extrinsic factors.

So, the truth is, we should be able to push 90 and 100 just fine, it should be the norm, from a purely genetic standpoint, and from the empirical examples we've had. But alas, until we understand more about why our modern diets cause our metabolisms to go out of whack and blow the whole system to kingdom come, we're still a long way from realizing our true biological potential. This isn't, in any way, "cheating nature", it's understanding nature instead.


RE: safety
By GaryJohnson on 4/30/2009 11:03:02 AM , Rating: 2
quote:
at what point does a safeguard become a safety hazard?

If the person has a kitchen already, then this doesn't add a new hazard. The hazard already exists. This reduces the hazard.

Presumably a sensor-rich kitchen where every cupboard door, appliance and utensil has sensors and/or RFID tags built into it would have a smoke detector and a fire sprinkler system.


RE: safety
By tastyratz on 4/30/2009 12:06:01 PM , Rating: 2
But it establishes a false sense of security and capability.

If they have been too afraid to use the kitchen, they should remain afraid. If they gain the confidence to attempt cooking with something like this, then its a safety hazard, that's how its a hazard.
If they have someone who has the sense enough to order and install a system like this, then that same someone would be smarter buying them a microwave with a pallet of easy mac, then cutting the wire/ sealing the gas/etc that runs to the oven.

If you have a small child in the house you turn the handle of the boiling pot of water in so they cant use it since they don't understand, you don't put a motion sensor with a voice recording that tells them no. Some things need the human element and there is just no way around it


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