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Infamous botnet evolves

Controllers of the infamous Conficker worm released another update recently, shifting its update strategy towards a completely different direction. It no longer needs to check a web page to receive updates, as it can now receive them directly from other infected computers.

Additions to a lengthy, in-depth analysis of the worm by research institute SRI’s Malware Threat Center indicate that a new variant of Conficker was spotted on February 16, which it dubbed “Conficker B++” pending a further review of its capabilities.

Previously, computers infected with Conficker A and B – also known under the names Downadup or Kido – frequently check for updates from a randomly-generated list of 250 internet domains, which is synchronized and updated regularly between the entire Conficker botnet. Efforts from the Microsoft-led Conficker Cabal appear to have foiled this technique: the randomization algorithm was successfully reverse-engineered, prompting Microsoft and the Cabal to secure every domain the group expects the botnet to hit.

In response, Conficker B++ completely removes the need to check for updates, moving instead towards a structure that resembles a peer-to-peer filesharing network. A URL pointing to updated Conficker code – or a patched version of the Conficker binary – can be sent directly to infected machines through a pair of new backdoors that B++ opens.

SRI notes that while older versions of Conficker also had the ability to accept updates in this fashion, its implementation behaved in such a way that made recognizing the process a trivial affair for anti-malware software.

Conficker’s controllers, in an effort to prevent competing hackers from delivering patches of their own, digitally sign the entire update process.

Compared to the upgrade from Conficker A to Conficker B, writes SRI, the changes that Conficker B++ introduces appear to be a relatively “minor”. In-house metrics indicate that Conficker B++ had an “86.4% similarity” to Conficker B, with the update only modifying three of the original version’s 297 subroutines and adding an additional 39.

Conficker has become such a problem for businesses that Microsoft recently placed a $250,000 bounty on its creators, offering a share of the reward to anyone who can help track them down. In January, the worm spread so fast it infected 8 million business computers within a week.



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RE: What a waste
By mmntech on 2/23/2009 8:45:40 PM , Rating: 2
quote:
oh and plus its also easier to destroy than to create.


There lies the rub. Don't make the mistake that these people are geniuses because they're not. The only real work is creating the worm itself. Once the botnet is established, it does all the work of skimming off credit card numbers and sending spam. The developers just sit back and let the cash roll in. You don't have to buy anything, you don't have to hire staff, you don't need office space, you don't have to market or store products. It's the perfect business and easy money.


"Intel is investing heavily (think gazillions of dollars and bazillions of engineering man hours) in resources to create an Intel host controllers spec in order to speed time to market of the USB 3.0 technology." -- Intel blogger Nick Knupffer

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