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If the Judge's ruling blocking the construction of the Sunrise Powerlink through the Southern Californian desert, due to possible environmental damage, is upheld, it could doom the second phase of a massive 850 MW solar project. The project is among the first Stirling engine-driven solar farms, as pictured here.  (Source: Sterling Energy Systems)
The effort to tap solar energy in California's desert is grinding to a halt

California has long led the nation's solar efforts.  However, it is facing increasing legal pressure as the state's environmentalists clash over whether installing solar power is worth possible environmental damage.

The conflict was brought into sharp focus when activist judge Jean Vieth, an administrative law judge with the California Public Utilities Commission, struck down plans to build a high power transmission line from the remote Californian desert, effectively dooming the massive solar initiatives set to be built in the desert.

The desert project was a joint initiative by San Diego Gas & Electric and Phoenix-based Stirling Energy Systems signed in 2005.  It aimed to install 900 MW of Stirling solar power in uninhabited Southern Californian desert wasteland.  Stirling power is a method of concentrating sunlight with mirrors onto water fueling a Stirling engine, and is thought to possibly yield higher efficiencies than photovoltaic cells.  The plant would feature 34,000 dishes, each generating 25 kW.

Central to the plan was the construction of a suitable power transmission line.  SDG&E had partnered with Sterling Energy Systems to create the Sunrise Powerlink a $1.3B USD power line to bring the solar power to Californian cities.

The project was struck down by Judge Vieth, who argues that its 150-foot-high transmission towers, which would cut through Anza-Borrego State Park, could be environmentally damaging.  The park features many protective species and Judge Vieth calls the power lines impact "frightening".

The project has generated an 11,000-page environmental impact report, which is so long that few have taken the time to read it all.  Judge Vieth's decision alone was 265 pages.  In it she wrote, "The potentially high economic costs to ratepayers and the potential implications for our [greenhouse gas] policy objectives do not justify the severe environmental damage that any of the transmission proposals would cause."

The fight is far from over, though.  The public utilities commission meets in December to vote on whether to accept the Judge's ruling.  A commissioner assigned to review the case created an alternative, which they are also considering.  The alternative would be to move the route of the transmission line slightly, increasing costs, but potentially having less environmental impact.

Opponents of the project have argued that San Diego, the target for most of the generated power, already has enough rooftop space for urban installation of an equivalent solar installation.  The Judge has stated that she prefers this alternative.

COO Bruce Osborn previously stated to The Green Wombat, an online publication, that even if the Sunrise Powerlink was killed, there was still enough capacity to carry the 300 MW from the first phase of the project.  However, this will likely place more stress on California's already badly aging power grid.  Stirling still has its 20-year contract to supply up to 850 megawatts of electricity to utility Southern California Edison, a deal entirely unrelated, to fall back upon.

The case, while far from finished, illustrates an upcoming battle to be waged among once-allies.  As our nation embraces alternative energy, part of President-elect Barack Obama's ambitious national initiative, there will likely be increasing clashes between environmentalists supporting alternative energy installation, and those opposing it for possible environmental damage.

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RE: ...and it starts
By Smilin on 11/6/2008 9:50:45 AM , Rating: 5
As an environmentalist this makes me sick.

There are trade offs people. Wind farms are indeed disruptive to migratory birds for example. Not nearly as disruptive as tons of coal fired plant emmissions though. You have to use rational thought and take the lesser of two evils. At the rate the environment is getting wrecked we don't have time to sit down, sing kumbaya, hug some trees and wait for a perfect solution.

We MUST act reasonably. You can ask business to make changes to help the environment. You cannot crush businesses so that they no longer exist. After all (again environmentalist speaking here) at the end of the day we don't really give a shit about the environment. We give a shit about the welfare of the human race. Having a good environment to live in is a means to an end.

This ladies and gentlemen is why we have appeals courts. There is a rational person somewhere in the judicial chain.


RE: ...and it starts
By TheSpaniard on 11/6/2008 11:03:15 AM , Rating: 5
yes, we do need to act reasonably.

but is covering the desert in solar panels really as environmentally friendly as placing a nuclear facility in a fraction of the space with a properly designed waste storage/recycling facility?

RE: ...and it starts
By nosfe on 11/6/2008 11:29:30 AM , Rating: 1
last i checked nuclear power plants need a ton of water for cooling so yes, a desert is the perfect place for nuclear power plants, why people are still building them only near big rivers is a big mystery to me....

RE: ...and it starts
By dever on 11/6/2008 12:17:21 PM , Rating: 2
You're right, San Diego is no where near water.

RE: ...and it starts
By TomCorelis on 11/8/2008 4:28:52 PM , Rating: 2
San Onofre Nuclear Station, anyone?

RE: ...and it starts
By teldar on 11/6/2008 1:43:21 PM , Rating: 5
I don't believe his post ever implied that the nuclear plan would go in the desert. That was your assumption based on his statement about the solar power installation in the desert.
Maybe you should read it again.

RE: ...and it starts
By FITCamaro on 11/6/2008 2:55:36 PM , Rating: 2
Last I checked they don't. There are reactor designs that don't need a large water source. Palo Verde uses waste water for cooling.

RE: ...and it starts
By nosfe on 11/7/2008 3:05:58 AM , Rating: 3
well i'm sure a desert produces tons of waste water; why are you nitpicking on details?

RE: ...and it starts
By Spuke on 11/7/2008 3:04:48 PM , Rating: 2
well i'm sure a desert produces tons of waste water; why are you nitpicking on details?
Why are YOU nitpicking on details? LOL!

RE: ...and it starts
By randomly on 11/8/2008 11:46:53 AM , Rating: 2
That's a deceptive statement. Palo Verde does use a lot of water, 20 Billion gallons a year. I would say that qualifies as a large water source.

It's the only reactor in the world that uses wastewater for cooling. Fortunately it's located near the 5th largest city in the US so there is enough waste water from 5 million people to do the job.

Nuclear reactors DO need a large water source of some kind. Period.

RE: ...and it starts
By Laereom on 11/8/2008 12:45:20 PM , Rating: 3
Fair enough. That doesn't mean they're still not the best option available, especially if you build them near large cities where they can use waste water. I somehow suspect salt water isn't an option, or it probably would've been mentioned by now. Then again, perhaps the massive heat from the nuclear reactor can be used to create a dual function desal plant and help keep our water supply up to demand without dramatically raising prices.

Then again, we aren't exactly industry insiders, so this is all pointless energy penis waving.

RE: ...and it starts
By TheSpaniard on 11/24/2008 8:05:07 AM , Rating: 2
I know this is a late response but....

ALL nuclear facilities in Florida were required to be capable of being "closed loop" ie huge cooling towers so they did not need fresh water

that was later scrubbed when some of the systems went closed loop and it caused the manatee population to dip because the water got too cold and they had forgotten what it meant to be a migratory species

RE: ...and it starts
By jiminmpls on 11/6/08, Rating: -1
RE: ...and it starts
By BladeVenom on 11/6/2008 12:56:37 PM , Rating: 5
The biggest exporter of uranium is our friendly neighbor to the north, Canada. The US has plenty of uranium reserves if we ever need to increase production. There's also Australia. We could easily get all the uranium we need from friendly western countries. But no you have to use dishonest scare tactics, trying to sound like we would be reliant on Russia.

RE: ...and it starts
By jiminmpls on 11/6/08, Rating: -1
RE: ...and it starts
By MatthiasF on 11/6/2008 2:46:06 PM , Rating: 5
Through a deal engineered by Clinton to get the Russians to disarm their nuclear warheads.

It's called the Megatons for Megawatts program.

Program is set to end in 2014.

RE: ...and it starts
By Keeir on 11/6/2008 1:37:53 PM , Rating: 5
And yet...

Applications to build new nuclear plants and extend lifespan of existing plants in the US are at a 20+ year high

Companys that make major Nuclear Plant subsystems have more orders than capacity to produce

Nations such as China are expanding Nuclear Capacity faster than any other source (China is also rapidly expanding Coal, Wind, and Hydro, but Nuclear surpasses each of these individually)

I think the Free Market has spoken, There is a significant case for Nuclear Power. Especially when compared to 15 cent per kWh Wind and 30+ kWh Solar.

Lastly, "Fuel Reprocessing is unproven and extremely expensive"

Last I checked, in 1976 India was able to use reprocessing technologies to create Nuclear Weapons (the possibility of which is the reason the US does not reprocess our Nuclear waste). France, Britian, and Japan have together 7 major reproccessing facilities. Sorry, these nations all find reprocessing to be acceptable in large scale.

RE: ...and it starts
By andrinoaa on 11/6/08, Rating: -1
RE: ...and it starts
By Spuke on 11/6/2008 5:30:30 PM , Rating: 2
The waste issue still has not been resolved.
I hate it when people can't read. The waste issue HAS been resolved through the use of newer technologies. Do some reading on the countries that presently use nuclear energy.

RE: ...and it starts
By Keeir on 11/6/2008 6:50:44 PM , Rating: 3
What you mean is none have been built where you can see them..

China plans to building 10-100 reactors in the next 20 years. I believe it has more than 20 under construction right now at around 10 sites.

France, US, Japan, Russia, Brazil, India, Pakistan, Iran, (the list goes on) either have plants under contrustion or plans awaiting regulatory approval.

The company that produces the Reactor chamber for the Westinghouse AP1000 will have new compedition because it simply can't produce enough parts...

RE: ...and it starts
By randomly on 11/8/2008 12:47:20 PM , Rating: 3
Changes in Nuclear fuel costs have much less impact on the cost of nuclear power since it's such a small percentage of the total cost. Fuel from mined uranium only accounts for $0.0047 / KwH. Only a part of this fuel cost is the cost of the uranium. A large part is the cost of enrichment and fabrication. Doubling the market price for Uranium only increases the generated electricity cost by about 7%

Operations and maintenance account for $0.013 /KwH, and the bulk of the rest of the cost is the capital expenditure to build the plant.

Fuel from reprocessing spent fuel is about 4.5x more expensive than fuel from mined uranium. If Uranium cost went up by 4.5x, reprocessing would be fully competitive and cap the fuel costs at that point. Electricity cost would only go up about 15%.

As pointed out by another poster, the amount of uranium imported from Russia is due to agreements to buy up their stockpiles to control proliferation problems. Western countries actually produce the bulk of the Uranium mined in the world.

A projected cost increase in Uranium of 5 fold by 2017 is unfounded. Please site your source for that statement.

Your statement about fuel reprocessing being unproved is completely false. Fuel reprocessing has been in constant use for many decades now. France alone reprocesses over 1000 metric tons of spent fuel a year.

There IS a business case for expanded nuclear power. The capital costs of construction is the dominant factor that determines the competitiveness of nuclear power. The current high capital costs are partially due to lack of skilled expertise and manufacturing capability because very few nuclear plants have been built in the last 20 years. Costs will drop as more plants are built and experience and manufacturing capability is increasing.

There is currently only one company that can forge the single piece pressure vessel needed for the modern Pressurized Water Reactors, and they can only make 4 a year. However they are doubling their capacity, and 9 other companies around the world are putting in large forging capability to meet those needs as well.

Prices will come down when supply catches up with demand.

RE: ...and it starts
By etekberg on 11/6/2008 11:55:20 AM , Rating: 3
I think that effectively makes you an anti-environmentalist. A REAL environmentalist would (secretly or possibly openly) want to crush all US business and bring the US down to third world nation status, where it rightfully belongs due to all its horrible actions of the past and present.

RE: ...and it starts
By Ammohunt on 11/6/2008 2:59:13 PM , Rating: 4
You mean like Barrack Obama?

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