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Glacier Bay National Park. Two and a half centuries ago, the entire area was covered by thick sheets of ice.
High snowfall and cold weather to blame.

A bitterly cold Alaskan summer has had surprising results. For the first time in the area's recorded history, area glaciers have begun to expand, rather than shrink. Summer temperatures, which were some 3 degrees below average, allowed record levels of winter snow to remain much longer, leading to the increase in glacial mass.

"In mid-June, I was surprised to see snow still at sea level in Prince William Sound", said glaciologist Bruce Molnia. "In general, the weather this summer was the worst I have seen in at least 20 years".

"On the Juneau Icefield, there was still 20 feet of new snow on the surface [in] late July. At Bering Glacier, a landslide I am studying [did] not become snow free until early August."

Molnia, who works for the US Geological Survey, said it's been a "long time" since area glaciers have seen a positive mass balance -- an increase in the total amount of ice they contain.

Since 1946, the USGS has maintained a research project measuring the state of Alaskan glaciers. This year saw records broken for most snow buildup. It was also the first time since any records began being that the glaciers did not shrink during the summer months.

Those records date from the mid 1700s, when the region was first visited by Russian explorers.  Molnia estimates that Alaskan glaciers have lost about 15% of their total area since that time -- an area the size of Connecticut.

One of the largest areas of shrinkage has been at the national park of Glacier Bay. When Alexei Ilich Chirikof first arrived in 1741, the bay didn't exist at all -- only a solid wall of ice. From that time until the early 1900s, the ice retreated some 50 miles, to form the bay and surrounding area.

Accordingly to Molnia, a difference of just 3 or 4 degrees is enough to shift the mass balance of glaciers from rapid shrinkage to rapid growth. From the 1600s to the 1900s, that’s just the amount of warming that was seen, as the planet exited the Little Ice Age.

Molnia says one cold summer doesn't mean the start of a new climatic trend. At least years like this, however, might mark the beginning of another Little Ice Age.

As DailyTech reported earlier, Arctic sea ice this year has also increased substantially from its low in 2007.

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RE: Lies, lies, lies
By foolsgambit11 on 10/16/2008 9:03:01 PM , Rating: 1
It depends on what you mean by 'is'. I mean, what you mean by 'contradict'. Was your original article correct? Well, the sea ice melting season had not ended (contrary to what you claimed), and we lost nearly 25% of the sea ice you reported remained. You reported 6 million km^2 of ice remained. September's average total coverage was 4.67 km^2. So in that way, your article was contradicted.

In the sense that ice coverage was greater this year than last, you were correct. But in the extent of the difference, and in the absolute numbers, you were wrong, because you were not using the universally agreed upon metric of the September average. I don't dispute that you should have posted your first article, only that you (or somebody else, Jason, maybe) should have posted something updating all on the current, final numbers.

RE: Lies, lies, lies
By masher2 (blog) on 10/16/2008 9:45:23 PM , Rating: 3
> "Well, the sea ice melting season had not ended (contrary to what you claimed)"

From the perspective of monthly values, the season was over. By the time September data is available, the icepack has already been growing for more than two full weeks. There is no "universally agreed upon" metric to report September values only.

One can certainly argue that, even though the conclusions were correct, the story was still premature. It was, however, far less premature than stories appearing months earlier, which rashly (and falsely) predicted the Arctic would be entirely ice free this year.

DT even ran one of those stories...and interestingly enough, I notice you didn't invoke the same criticisms for it:

"I want people to see my movies in the best formats possible. For [Paramount] to deny people who have Blu-ray sucks!" -- Movie Director Michael Bay

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