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An artistic rendering of the new light-driven wireless network in action.  (Source: Boston University)
Could the networks of the future run on light

Solid-state lighting is one of the hottest topics in the tech industry, and with good reason.  The Department of Energy is sponsoring a $20M USD "L Prize" for advances in LED lighting, a type of light which uses solid-state components (diodes).  The research is a big deal as lighting currently consumes 22 percent of the electricity in the U.S.  If the DOE accomplishes its goals of reducing lighting energy use by 50 percent, it would save billions of dollars and reduce environmental impact.

New research from Boston University's College of Engineering, funded by a National Science Foundation grant, indicates that LEDs may be not only the integral lighting component of the future, but may also form the backbone of future wireless networks.

BU Engineering Professor Thomas Little describes the new research, stating, "Imagine if your computer, iPhone, TV, radio and thermostat could all communicate with you when you walked in a room just by flipping the wall light switch and without the usual cluster of wires.  This could be done with an LED-based communications network that also provides light - all over existing power lines with low power consumption, high reliability and no electromagnetic interference. Ultimately, the system is expected to be applicable from existing illumination devices, like swapping light bulbs for LEDs."

The primary goal of the research is to develop LEDs that do exactly that -- transmit information wirelessly via controlled blinking. 

Little continues, "This is a unique opportunity to create a transcendent technology that not only enables energy efficient lighting, but also creates the next generation of secure wireless communications.  As we switch from incandescent and compact florescent lighting to LEDs in the coming years, we can simultaneously build a faster and more secure communications infrastructure at a modest cost along with new and unexpected applications."

Professor Little and his colleagues imagine LED lighting in the room being hooked up to computer circuitry, which uses existing lighting to implement a wireless network which provides data to computers, personal digital assistants, television and radio reception, telephone connections and thermostat temperature control.  Prototypes of the new network design, according to Professor Little, should start at around 1 to 10 Mbps.  Better yet, bandwidth would be greater than in existing radio frequency (RF)-driven networks.

In the new network, each LED light bulb would act as an access point.  Another perk of the new design is beefed up security.  Unlike RF networks, the new signal would not pass through walls or other opaque objects.  This would help prevent snooping and connection theft.  The new system would also use much less power than RF, as solid state lighting is energetically cheaper to the strong radio signals needed for wireless internet. 

The flickering which drove the network would be performed so fast the human eye could not see it.  The network would ideally be able to operate outdoors as well as indoors.  The first test deployment may be outdoors, with a likely candidate being car interiors.  Professor Little continues, "This technology has many implications for automobile safety.  Brake lights already use LEDs, so it's not a stretch to outfit an automobile with a sensor that detects the brake lights of the car in front of it and either alerts an inattentive driver or actively slows the car."

While the technology seems very promising, one quandary is how to make the communication bidirectional.  Professor Little and his team have not elaborate on this tricky point yet in the initial press.  In order to send data requests, you would need a means of receiving light from devices such as cell phones or laptops, however, you ideally would want to avoid having to have a bright blinking transmitter on your device walls covered in sensors. 

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RE: Another problem
By ChronoReverse on 10/7/2008 1:43:41 PM , Rating: 2
The lights won't be visibly blinking. That's the point.

They'll be the lighting for the room and this potential technology is supposed to hook into those and use it for data transfer at the same time.

RE: Another problem
By Adonlude on 10/7/2008 8:37:44 PM , Rating: 2
But sometimes I like to surf the internet in my living room on the couch with the lights off and the tv on. No more connections in the dark? What about outdoors?

RE: Another problem
By BushStar on 10/8/2008 3:04:24 AM , Rating: 2
Come on, major issue here! When you turn the lights off the network dies ><

Also line of sight between LED access points, when I close a door that room gets cut off from the network...

Pie in the sky IMO

RE: Another problem
By jtemplin on 10/8/2008 12:23:37 PM , Rating: 2
Guys I'm sure if this technology is aggressively pursued they will get it working with infrared and ultraviolet LEDs that emit energy outside our narrow visible spectrum.

RE: Another problem
By jtemplin on 10/8/2008 12:25:13 PM , Rating: 2
I play Wii all the time with the lights off and I don't see the LEDs inside my sensor bar. The wiimote must be sensing their output as you can replace the bar with 2 candles as you may have heard. So...problem solved!

RE: Another problem
By feraltoad on 10/8/2008 5:32:47 AM , Rating: 2
Yeah, I understand what your saying but no one likes a blinking light. Especially, lights that blink millions of times a second. If a light is blinking 15 times a second it is pretty annoying, and now I'm imagining a light blinking millions of times per second. That's millions of time more annoying in my book. Whelp, time to go open a soup can with my trusty hammer. I tried using one of those electric jobs, but smash open a couple of cans with 'em and they just go to pieces.

RE: Another problem
By myhipsi on 10/8/08, Rating: 0
"I'm an Internet expert too. It's all right to wire the industrial zone only, but there are many problems if other regions of the North are wired." -- North Korean Supreme Commander Kim Jong-il

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