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Major League Gaming, the first professional gaming league in the U.S., shown here at E For All in October '07, offers winners big money and the chance to win sponsorships. With all the money comes allegations that some players are turning to drugs to take their game to the next level.  (Source:
Looking for a competitive edge, some pro-gamers turn to marijuana, amphetamines, and more

Doping scandals in the world of sports are nothing new.  As far back as 1889, James Francis "Pud" Galvin, the first pro-baseball pitcher to win 300 games, was advertising an elixir of monkey testosterone which he regularly took.  Today, in sports as diverse as baseball, cycling, mixed martial arts, and track and field, athletes are regularly banned and suspended for drug use.

Now, there's a new professional sport that's drawing these timeless tough questions -- professional gaming.  While some don't consider pro gaming a "sport" per se, they cannot deny the facts -- top pro gamers are professionals who are making a good deal of money, and regularly use their prestige to create lucrative brands.

In the U.S. alone there are two major leagues: Major League Gaming, which offers up to $100,000 a tournament in prize money and the newly created Championship Gaming Series, which has offered as much as $500,000 in tournaments.  These leagues have big sponsors.  Internationally, pro gaming is even bigger than here in the U.S. with elite gamers in countries like South Korea gaining celebrity status.

And like any sport where there's money involved, some people look to illegal or unregulated, but dangerous means to enhance their performance.  GamePlayer, Australia's leading gaming site ran an interesting piece on the topic where it identified commonly abused substances.  It identified, marijuana, amphetamines (speed), Dexamphetamine and Methylphenidate (Ritalin), Caffeine, and FpsBrain, the German drug cocktail previously blogged about here on DailyTech, as common drugs used when players want to gain an underhanded edge.

All of these drugs have serious consequences, particularly speed, which is known for its high fatality rate (no pun intended).  But is this use really going on?   GamePlayer wrote a follow-up piece in which it interviews Alex Walker, the director of a major international gaming tournament, the Australian World Cyber Games Tournament.

When asked if he knows of players abusing drugs with the intention of enhancing performance, Mr. Walker acknowledged:

It's funny because it's true. I know a lot of people through games that take drugs, although that's not related to gaming. It's more a social thing. But get any large group of people together, add drugs, and someone's bound to push the limit.

I noticed that you made a mention about people claiming they were better after having a bong or two. That's true. I've seen a number of players at national tournaments who came in "baked" (that's stoned for the uninformed) purely so they could play better. In most cases they did, although obviously they couldn't just pull out another joint midway through.

In one WCG, a player I knew took amphetamines an hour before his match to boost his reflexes. His team ended up losing the match, although it certainly had an impact - his performance helped his team to win one map out of three - it kind of hits home that only the really talented will come out on top in the end.

Worldwide, there seems to be a silent consensus that this is occurring, be it players using illegal drugs or abusing legal ones, such as caffeine pills.  While its certainly questionable whether these drugs overall truly give players an unfair advantage, or if a placebo effect from thinking they have an advantage comes into play, the fact remains that this is a surprisingly serious issue for this fun-centric sport to address.

It's going to be tough to find a solution, as experts point out.  Drug testing can be very expensive, and gaming leagues already struggle under lower profit margins and less sponsorships than most major league sports.  Furthermore, casual usage of substances such as marijuana has often been associated with the gaming culture and enacting strict drug testing could create a backlash among gamers.

Directors like Mr. Walker, have seen people in the past gaming in an obviously altered state.  In these occurrences, perhaps a kind reprimand and request to leave would be sufficient.  At least then pro-gaming would not have to suffer the negative PR from reports that it is turning a blind eye to drug abuse.

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RE: Not surprising
By Aikouka on 8/29/2008 2:26:48 PM , Rating: 3
Caffeine can be kinda nasty when it comes to withdrawals though. Been there myself... not a fun time.

RE: Not surprising
By FITCamaro on 8/29/2008 5:40:48 PM , Rating: 2
If you're suffering from withdrawals of caffeine you have no one to blame but yourself. You have to drink a lot of it. I know. I've gotten a headache from drinking to much and then drinking none. Wasn't cause I was addicted though. I just like Coca Cola. Since sophmore year of college I've stopped drinking it so much. And since getting out of college I've made water my primary beverage.

RE: Not surprising
By aos007 on 8/29/2008 8:10:59 PM , Rating: 1
That's not true. Even stopping down from 2 or 3 coffees a day (and nothing else caffeinated) will trigger caffeine withdrawal migraines within say 6 hours of not getting your "dose" in the morning. That's not exactly "too much" caffeine.

And likewise the withdrawal lasts for two days max no matter how many years you have been drinking coffee. And the migraines, while nasty, can be taken care of by a couple of Tylenols.

RE: Not surprising
By oab on 8/30/2008 8:36:21 PM , Rating: 2
2-3 coca-colas: 60-90mg of caffeine (each can of coke contains approx. 30mg of caffeine)
2-3 coffees(brewed): 180-360mg of caffeine (an average brewed coffee contains between 90 and 120mg of caffeine)

RE: Not surprising
By sgw2n5 on 8/29/2008 8:11:41 PM , Rating: 3
Umm... If the sudden absence of a substance (especially a known stimulant) imparts a physiological response such as a headache... yeah, I think that you had an addiction, a mild addiction.
No biggy though, it's not like you addicted to the point where you would give hand-jobs to strangers on Colfax avenue to get your hands on a 20 oz Dr. Pepper. :D

RE: Not surprising
By HeelyJoe on 8/29/2008 10:32:06 PM , Rating: 2
It's a physical dependence, not an addiction.

RE: Not surprising
By FITCamaro on 8/29/2008 11:38:32 PM , Rating: 3
Ummm....what do you think an addiction is? Your body being dependent on a certain substance being there.

RE: Not surprising
By Fnoob on 8/31/2008 2:01:18 PM , Rating: 2
Actually, dependence and addiction are on opposite sides of a fine line. Addiction implies abuse, whereas dependence implies need. Do you believe that diabetics are addicted to insulin? With regards to pain meds that are often abused, "in cases where real physical pain is present, almost invariably the body prevents the development of true addiction to [medication] for a combination of psychological, neurological, and endocrinological reasons."

RE: Not surprising
By jtemplin on 9/3/2008 10:48:26 AM , Rating: 2
Excellent points. A lot of people in this comments section definitely aren't up on their pharmacology or psychology of addiction.

RE: Not surprising
By Reclaimer77 on 8/30/2008 9:15:52 AM , Rating: 1
Are you 12 ??

I think caffeine stops being a drug and keeping you awake by the time you hit puberty. I honestly can't even imagine suffering " withdrawls " from caffeine 'addiction'. Do you go into the DT's or something ? Please share with us your heroic tale about beating this life destroying addiction.

Our society is getting so wussified.

RE: Not surprising
By BB33 on 8/30/2008 10:23:22 AM , Rating: 2
just as nicotine is a drug and adictive so is caffine. I drink about a pot of coffee a day and if I dont get any coffee I will get a headache that is the caffine DeTox (DT). and just a note some ppl that I have known can drink a full pot of exspresso and go to sleep but that does not mean that caffine is not a drug.

RE: Not surprising
By jtemplin on 9/3/2008 10:58:57 AM , Rating: 2
Not that I agree with anything reclaimer has said, but he meant delirium tremens by DT which is a fatal withdrawal syndrome caused by alcohol.

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