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Fermilab, aglow in the night, is a symbol of national pride and a face of U.S. particle physics. However, this lab, like a last old lion, is on the verge of death due to drastic underfunding.  (Source: Fred Ullrich/Fermilab )
Fermi earns a stay-of-execution thanks in part to a generous anonymous philanthropist

Particle physics is one of the most intriguing scientific fields, probing the nature of the very makeup of the universe itself.  However, over the last half decade, due to the growing economic crisis and various items such as war funding taking precedence in government budgets, the budget to help the U.S. stay leaders in the field of particle physics has been slipping.

The U.S. currently is down to only one remaining particle physics lab, the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) in Batavia, Illinois, associated with the University of Chicago and the lab was looking to be on the way out.  It had started in February rolling furlough program that slashed already scarce employee pay by 12.5 percent and forced them to take periodic unpaid leave. 

Now an anonymous donor has stepped in and donated $5M USD to the University of Chicago to try to alleviate these cuts and keep the lab open.  Even with the extremely generous donation the lab is still in trouble.  It plans to lay off 140 employees now, though it would have been an even larger number before the donation.  The donation has allowed the lab to offer voluntary layoffs before the involuntary ones start.

Fermilab Director Piermaria Oddone spoke of the gift stating, "This is very unusual.  It's not a building that carries a name. It's really a commitment to science and the nation and in particular to particle physics as a long-range important undertaking for our nation."

The good news has somewhat buoyed the sunken spirits of physicists at the lab.  Says Consolato Gattuso, an engineering physicist at the lab, "This is definitely a weight that has been lifted.  It gives us some light at the end of the tunnel."

Throughout the last five years, FermiLab's budget has been falling.  The U.S. Congress's last minute budget for 2008 cut FermiLab funding from $372 million requested by the Department of Energy (DOE) to $320 million, $22 million less than the lab had received in 2007.  The lab went into a state of crisis, forcing employees to take one week off unpaid every other month and work shorter hours.  Further, 200 of the lab's 1950 employees were scheduled to be cut.

The U.S. is in a particle physics competition of sorts with Europe to find the legendary Higgs boson particle first.  The cuts will allow Fermi's Tevatron Collider to stay operational, and continue the search.  Researchers remain optimistic that Fermi may find the particle before Europe's CERN lab turns on its more powerful Large Hadron Collider this summer.

Legally, Fermilab cannot officially accept the gift, but it will allow the University of Chicago to contract employees to work in the lab.  Over 50 employees have already left the lab, allowing it to scrape $1M USD in savings.

This is not the first time in recent years that the Congress has chronically underfunded the Department of Energy's physics research labs.  In 2006, Congress gave the Brookhaven National Laboratory in Upton, New York so little money that it would have to shut down its Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider.   James Simons, a theoretical physicist and billionaire hedge-fund guru saved the Collider with a gift of $13M USD.

The officials at Fermi are extremely grateful for a gift, but fear it’s only prolonging the inevitable.  Brendan Casey, a Fermilab particle physicist states, "The grain of salt is that it really does nothing to change the uncertainty with regard to the future.  So there's some relief, but the underlying tension is still there."

The U.S. government may be forced to reevaluate its spending priorities as more experimental physics labs and other science programs go under and U.S. leadership in the sciences slips.  This would truly be an unfortunate loss for the country, most would agree.

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RE: Priorities
By JTankers on 6/2/2008 10:12:46 AM , Rating: 1
A bit off topic, but I live in Wisconsin and I believe (not verified) that spanking may be illegal here even when it is the parents doing the spanking, though unlikely to be forced to any large degree. I do know that it is rare here, and it is actually possible to raise kids without spanking. We don't spank and I think our kids respect us more for it, but it takes a lot more time and energy and emotional knowledge devoted to your kids...

But that is not why I am here, I want you to read what is going on at <a href=""></a>

RE: Priorities
By Master Kenobi on 6/2/2008 10:33:45 AM , Rating: 3
I've heard of the mini-black hole scare tactic before. It's nothing more than a scare tactic. Ignore it and proceed forward.

RE: Priorities
By straycat74 on 6/2/2008 10:39:57 AM , Rating: 2
You can tell a child how hot something is, but for some reason it really sinks in when they touch a hot stove, for example.

Spanking also prepares your kids for dodgeball in school, but since they don't allow that anymore, i guess it makes it less necessary.

RE: Priorities
By FITCamaro on 6/2/2008 12:11:52 PM , Rating: 2
Yeah I learned the lesson of "Don't touch that its hot!" when I stuck my hand in a pot of boiling water.

I learned the lesson of don't stick a fork in a light socket when I did that as well.

There's very few lessons I'd rather my kids learn by me telling them than them trying it themselves. Don't look down the barrel of a gun, don't play with chainsaws, don't smoke crack....

RE: Priorities
By straycat74 on 6/2/2008 1:00:50 PM , Rating: 2
I say that disproves darwins theory right there.

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