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Microsoft takes important step in crushing its rival's format

Microsoft has long profited from proprietary formats, occasionally at its competitors' expense.  However, with open standards coming into vogue, Microsoft adopted an "if you can't beat them, join them" approach, creating its own open document format.

However, its new format was not warmly received.  Microsoft hoped its Office Open XML (OOXML) format would become the office file format of choice for the industry.  The OpenDoc Society, a long term opponent of Microsoft, did not believe in Microsoft's sudden change of heart.  It sought to outcompete OOXML, with its existing format, Open Document Format (ODF).

The ODF format is already ratified as a standard by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), solidifying its place in the academic and business communities as a viable option.  When Microsoft sought ISO ratification, the OpenDoc Society lobbied against it.  It argued that having multiple open document standards defeats the purpose of having standards and that the standard would allow Microsoft to tighten its grip on computer systems.

In the end the OpenDoc Society's campaign was an exercise in futility as Microsoft's OOXML has finally been ISO certified.  The decision was leaked Tuesday ahead of the official ISO announcement, which came today.  Microsoft lauded the move, saying that it created a "level playing field" for OOXML to competed with ODF and other formats. 

Tom Robertson, Microsoft's head of interoperability and standards, stated, "Open XML joins the ranks of PDF, HTML and ODF among the ranks of document formats. I think it makes it easier for governments to offer users choice.  The control over the specification now moves into the hands of the global community. This is going to be one of the most, if not the most important document format around the world for years to come."

James Love, director of Knowledge Economy International, an organization campaigning for more open access to knowledge critical of OOXML, stated, "We are disappointed.  Microsoft's control over document formats has destroyed competition on the desktop, and the fight over OOXML is really a fight over the future of competition and innovation."

Microsoft lost an initial first vote, putting the format's future in jeopardy.  The format was allowed a second balloting, though, and this time it passed.  Of those voting, 86 percent of voting national bodies and 75 percent of the voting members -- known as P-members -- moved to approve the format.  A two-thirds approval among P-members was sufficient to ratify the format.  Voting for Microsoft's OOXML were the United States, Britain, Germany and Japan.  Voting against it were China, India and Russia.

The committee had a tough job just reaching the vote, having to deal with the 6,000 pages of code that define OOXML and with over 1,000 points of order, topics to be discussed before the vote.  Critics of OOXML point out that ODF is only 860 pages of code, making it difficult to guarantee true interoperability between the formats.  Microsoft continues to insist that OOXML will be fully interoperable with ODF.

Michiel Leenaars, OpenDoc Society boardmember and ISO voting member, stated that the standard should not have been ratified and the ratification process was too hasty.  He states, "It was mission impossible.  The process wasn't meant for this type of thing."

Nonetheless, Microsoft has secured ratification and fulfilled its critics worse fears by moving one step closer to domination of the next generation industry standard for office documents.

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No Biggie
By rupaniii on 4/2/2008 5:41:32 PM , Rating: 2
Most of us aren't big into 'endorsements'.
The government will decide what it wants to use.
Nobody uses anything beside MS formats anyway right now.
The countries who've been adopting Linux could care less what some 'official standards body' of mostly affluent white people said about anything and will run Open Office and save and transact files in ODF among other things.
I think there is some giant flaw in a system that ratifies something that is inferior and proprietary.
They should have made a condition of ratification what it be an open standard with publishes specifications. It shouldn't be ratified otherwise.

RE: No Biggie
By Oregonian2 on 4/2/2008 5:47:49 PM , Rating: 2
How can it be proprietary if it's an ISO standard format?

RE: No Biggie
By Pirks on 4/2/2008 5:56:00 PM , Rating: 2
I heard that Adobe threatened to sue the shoot out of MS if they dare to include PDF exporter in Office 2007. MS caved in and made the Office 2007 PDF exporter a separate download.

But PDF is SUPPOSED to be an OPEN ISO standard, right?


Make your own conclusions out of that :P

RE: No Biggie
By tuteja1986 on 4/2/2008 11:41:28 PM , Rating: 3
Its funny the extent these people go on to fight over a silly document format standard.

The reason i use Microsoft's OS at home is because i play games.

If a software company thinks a standard is reason why their don't get user using it , then they need to look at Microsoft office 2007 and their version of Office.

For a basic task , i do recommend every one just to get Open office beacuse it does everything thing that an average joe would want.

RE: No Biggie
By glennpratt on 4/3/2008 9:52:13 AM , Rating: 2
No one is complaining about users. Most projects supporting ODF don't need to fight for users because they don't have a revenue stream to maintain and investors to keep happy.

What I, as a developer and IT consultant care about, is the ability to parse documents in a well defined manner, now and into the future, with or without the support of any single corporation. I don't believe OOXML does that and I don't believe OOXML will be correctly implemented by Microsoft (they refuse to commit to it, their own standard!).

RE: No Biggie
By gerf on 4/2/08, Rating: 0
RE: No Biggie
By Calin on 4/3/2008 2:33:13 AM , Rating: 2
This should be understandable, if Microsoft changed the standard itself (not only the description) between the launch of Office 2007 and the ratification.
Understandable, but no less sad :(

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