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After the successful flight, Virgin chief Sir Richard Branson was seen juggling coconuts and spoke to reporters about the event, which he feels marks a "vital breakthrough"  (Source: Reuters)

The Virgin Boeing 747 took off from London's Heathrow airport and flew a test flight, fueled partly by Brazilian babassu nuts and coconut biofuel -- the first biofuel flight of a commercial jet  (Source: Virgin Atlantic)
Virgin airlines runs first biofuel flight; environmentalists less than thrilled

Virgin Atlantic just completed the first flight by a commercial aircraft powered partly by biofuel.  The flight was powered by a particularly outlandish biofuel -- a mixture of Brazilian babassu nuts and coconuts.  The mixture helped to power the Virgin Boeing 747 jumbo jet's flight between London's Heathrow airport and an airport in Amsterdam.  The airliner had no passengers, in event of failure.

Quirky Virgin boss, Sir Richard Branson, claimed the flight was a "vital breakthrough" to the commercial airline industry.  He stated, "This pioneering flight will enable those of us who are serious about reducing our carbon emissions to go on developing the fuels of the future."

Sir Branson stated that he thinks that future won't be in nut fuels like the one used by the flight, but rather in feedstocks such as algae.  He failed to elaborate what exactly Virgin's algae-powered plane plans were, though he may have been referring to current efforts to produce hydrogen with algae.

The flight had one of its four engines connected to the biofuel tank.  This engine relied on the biofuel for 20% of its power, or about 5% of the total flight power.  The other three engines were left powered on traditional fuel to ensure a safe flight if the biofuel powered-engine failed.  The company said it selected its nuts based on the fact that they were from mature plantations and were non-competitive with local food staples.  The nuts selected were most commonly used in cosmetics and household paper products.

While biofuels sound like a development that would be championed by environmentalists, numerous environmental organizations were less than nuts about the flight which they labeled a "publicity stunt."  Environmentalists point out that biofuels are currently mechanically and economically not viable, and warn of the possible negative impact on world food crops

One U.N. official, typically a supporter of environmental issues, called biofuels a "crime against humanity."  Many researchers have shared the opinion that biofuels, in their current state, do more harm than help.  Most of these groups acknowledge that emerging processes such as cellulosic ethanol production or microbial hydrogen production may yield acceptable solutions, but firmly believe that none of the on-market solutions are good ones.

While Virgin believes that many of its aircraft will be plant-powered within 10 years, skeptics point to biofuel's tendency to freeze at high altitudes, a possibly catastrophic problem.  Kenneth Richter, of Friends of the Earth blasted the flight as a "gimmick" which he says takes the focus away from providing "real solutions for climate change." 

Richter elaborates, suggesting a different approach, "If you look at the latest scientific research it clearly shows biofuels do very little to reduce emissions.  At the same time we are very concerned about the impact of the large-scale increase in biofuel production on the environment and food prices worldwide.  What we need to do is stop this mad expansion of aviation. At the moment it is the fastest growing source of greenhouse gases in the UK, and we need to stop subsidizing the industry."

Greenpeace chief scientist, Dr Doug Parr, believes less air travel is the answer and labeled Virgin's press release as "high-altitude greenwash." Dr. Parr states, "Instead of looking for a magic green bullet, Virgin should focus on the real solution to this problem and call for a halt to relentless airport expansion."

While Virgin plans to blaze ahead with its biofuels program amid criticism, Airbus is testing another alternative fuel:  a synthetic mix of gas-to-liquid.  On February 1, it flew a plane from Filton near Bristol to Toulouse in a three hour test-flight using the fuel mix.  The aircraft used was none other than the world's largest jumbo jet, the A380.  Unlike Virgin, Airbus has been less vocal about its alternative energy flight program.



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RE: Less = More
By herrdoktor330 on 2/28/2008 9:49:14 PM , Rating: 2
Agreed.

But what I really don't understand is this slant against biofuel. I really don't follow the concern that creating biofuels will cause a deficit of world food supplies. I can't speak for the rest of the world. But in the US, farmers are paid to not grow anything at all. In the production of mass amounts of soy and corn oils, it could create a new agricultural revolution. And I'm sure with some modern ingenuity, we could make even more soy and corn production all year round.

Another idea I find interesting is, based on a UN document, Africa could explode with viable agricultural production if it was managed properly. If the goverments in action there could work together to provide irrigation, tractors, and more modern farming techniques to farms in rural Africa they could be a very very large producer of these fuels. If Africa can have the "Green Revolution" that the UN wrote about, they could feed the continent and line their pockets with all the fuel and food they could potentially make.

But from what I understand about biodiesel, it burns cleaner than petrol diesel and the only real inefficiency in production is how much energy it takes to produce ethanol in place of methanol, a petrol product which is used in the chemical creation of vegetable oil to bio-d. Other than that, it can power cars, trains, busses, and everything esle for years to come. While the cold can prove a challenge by making conventional biodiesel gel at freezing temperatures, additives (likely petrol based) can be used to prevent that. But there are also wiz-bang methods of heating the fuel systems to prevent complete freezing from happening also. For all it's hairs and warts, biodiesel is a fair option for the rest of the non-freezing world that can still get access to methanol. I'm sure that over time, the other negatives to using it as a fuel can be worked out over time.

But I guess what I'm getting at in all of this is that the enviromentalists are full of malarky on this one.


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