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Germany is going to sail its 120m long research vessel, the Polarstern, the 1,550mile trip will take place in 2019 and it may take a year.

Researchers hope to gather insight information on the region where climate changing fastest. As it is reported, last month the extent of Arctic sea-ice was the lowest ever for month of January,  with several degree temperature above average for the long-term.

 

 

 

The project called MOSAiC will lead by Prof Markus Rex.  

The decline of Arctic sea-ice faster than the climate models can reproduce, there is possibility that in a few decades the Arctic will be ice free in summer. World will be different and we have to know in advance whether it is going to happen or not either way we need to find out. This is costly and long term project that the German scientist, who is affiliated to the Alfred Wegener Institute in Bremerhaven. According to his statement $67m expedition was very nearly all funded, and would have key contributions from international partners.  Report says that other European states, such UK, Russians, Chinese involved so the Americans.

The RV Polarstern is an enormous science platform that to follow goals and fantasy of those all previous efforts to follow and work in the region. The vessel full of equipment will be ready to take samples of air, water, and ice. Camps will be set up on the sea-ice close to the Polarstern and others up to 13-19 miles away, and the whole set-up will drift across the Arctic. Prof Rex said.” that will give us a new and absolutely fascinating insight into the climate system.”
 

 
 

The drift may start in the East Siberian Sea. RV Polarstern would be taken over the top of the world and be released by the sea-ice in the Fram Strait between Greenland and Svalbard.  The researchers will also have to keep their eyes polar bears as well.  Prof Rex said to BBC News that “a warmer pole would affect weather patterns at mid –latitudes”. A warming Arctic means that the temperature contrast between our latitudes and the North Pole will be reduced in the future. This means the flow of air, the wind, that blows around the Arctic will be less zonal in the future climate, and it will allow for more excursions of cold air from the Arctic to our latitudes, and more excursions of warm air from lower latitudes to the North Pole. That will have a strong impact on our weather.” Again this project expected to take up position in the sea-ice late summer or autumn of 2019 with an intention of being release a year later.






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