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Content industry demands universities pay attention

The content industry is stepping up efforts to root out piracy on college networks, and a new report shows exactly how.

As it turns out, the actual methods used to detect pirates aren’t very sophisticated. The RIAA gives a list of files to watch for to its hired watchdog Media Sentry, who then searches for infringing materials on common peer-to-peer networks, such as Limewire. Media Sentry sometimes runs the same client as most of the networks’ users, using the network client’s built-in facilities to harvest users’ IP addresses and browse their shares.

As reported earlier this month, a number of universities reported a tenfold increase in the quantity of DMCA copyright notices they received. At the time, the only thing that college administrators and observers could do was guess as to the RIAA and MPAA’s motives, as content industry spokespersons remained silent.

Since then, RIAA president Cary Sherman broke the silence last week in an interview with Inside Higher Ed, attributing the increase to a “phenomenal jump” in Media Sentry’s computing efficiency.

“It’s the same procedures, the same standards, the same list of copyrighted works that we’re using,” said Sherman. “The Internet is a huge place, and there are millions of people connected to it … The amount of resources you put into sending out requests for specific files makes a difference; the more requests you make, the more you’re going to find.”

“We don’t think there’s any more infringement going on,” Sherman added. “We just think there’s more detection of infringement.”

Published Tuesday, The Chronicle of Higher Education detailed an invitation it received to personally observe the enforcers at Media Sentry in action: an RIAA representative (who wishes to remain anonymous due to concerns over hate mail) demonstrated the firm’s methods for searching for infringing files over Limewire.  The actual methods are now considerably automated, matching Sherman’s previous statements: Media Sentry searches for songs in its list with a script, which returns a list of results. With results in hand, the script harvests each entry’s IP address and confirms the authenticity of the file in question, then proceeds to search that user’s shared folder for more.

It’s important to note that in most cases, Media Sentry investigators “do not usually download suspect music files.” Instead, they will try to hash the file remotely; if a hash comparison fails, investigators will download the file and attempt to verify its contents using Audible Magic, a program that specializes in recognizing an audio file’s sonic characteristics. Investigator will only hear a file in only two cases: if the fails both the preceding checks, or if he or she is gathering evidence for litigation.

Regarding the letters themselves, the RIAA says that a full-time RIAA employee reviews each pre-litigation letter for legitimacy, as well as to confirm that the targets lives in the United States.

Despite the necessary human review, however, the RIAA’s search-and-identify process is still largely automated, and it can tag hundreds of users a day.

While the RIAA admits that it has shifted its focus to universities in general, it says doesn’t single out particular schools, contrary to the claims of a number of university network administrators. Further, the RIAA only uses the automated process it demonstrated to the Chronicle against universities -- the automated takedown program is “solely university-focused,” said the unnamed RIAA representative. “We're trying to make universities aware that they have an issue with peer-to-peer file sharing on their network, and so we don't send automated notices to commercial ISP's, I think because they are generally aware that there's a problem.

 “We have no capability of targeting any school at all … technically we can't do it. We find what we find with this process, and that's what we send to schools.”

RIAA representative Cara Duckworth acknowledged the process has its shortcomings: investigators have no way of knowing if someone else actually downloaded a song, and its process is only effective against targeting users that offer a particular file for download.

Investigators don’t seem to be phased by recent changes in legal precedent. With Atlantic v. Howell’s determination that making a file available for download does not infringe a copyright owner’s distribution rights, it is unclear if and how the RIAA’s investigation techniques have changed.

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Better formats
By theslug on 5/15/2008 10:11:35 AM , Rating: 2
I think more people would pay for downloading music if they were released in lossless formats like flac.

RE: Better formats
By JustTom on 5/15/2008 1:05:57 PM , Rating: 2
There are businesses that sell lossless downloads. Or you could buy the CD and rip it yourself.

RE: Better formats
By bmheiar on 5/15/2008 1:33:11 PM , Rating: 4
"Or you could buy the CD and rip it yourself."

Well, if RIAA, MPAA, & others have their way, you will not even be able to do that. Since they do not want you to do that in the first place.

RE: Better formats
By JustTom on 5/15/2008 2:00:18 PM , Rating: 3
They might want to outlaw it but they haven't yet. So rip away.

RE: Better formats
By phxfreddy on 5/17/2008 9:54:49 PM , Rating: 2
These libs are all a bunch of uber-capitalists whenever its their meal ticket. Wish they respected mine as much. But noooo....I have to pay for every fool program these communist think I should pay for. But not them. They're special.

Waste of time
By Darkk on 5/15/2008 10:49:16 AM , Rating: 1
RIAA is spinning their wheels at this futile attempt. So what they're harvesting bunch of IPs when they find illegal sharing of the songs? It doesn't prove anything at all.

No criminal judge in this country going to waste their time with this. They have bigger fish to fry.


RE: Waste of time
By JustTom on 5/15/2008 12:31:51 PM , Rating: 2
No criminal judge in this country going to waste their time with this.

Do you really need a list of links of successful RIAA litigation to demonstrate how silly that statement is?

RE: Waste of time
By daInvincibleGama on 5/15/2008 6:16:19 PM , Rating: 2
Settlement != successful litigation.

They have actually encountered quite a setback in that arena recently. OP is right.

IP Harvesting... How Quaint...
By jskirwin on 5/15/08, Rating: 0
RE: IP Harvesting... How Quaint...
By sxr7171 on 5/15/2008 12:24:49 PM , Rating: 2
One of the checks to see if the IP address is a US one.

RE: IP Harvesting... How Quaint...
By HrilL on 5/15/2008 12:37:46 PM , Rating: 2
The TOR network is not for file sharing and should never be used as such. People are hosting those relays and they don't want you bogging them down with P2P traffic.

What I think...what I did...
By tspinning on 5/15/2008 3:43:52 PM , Rating: 2
While I don't believe that schools should limit torrent traffic- for the most part, all the media the students want to share is already on campus- there is no need to go outside for downloading of new media, and if there is, people should be smart about doing it-

Have the school, IT, or some kid in a dorm setup a DC++ network that is internal and get the student body onboard

I did this a few years ago at UNH, ran the server in my dorm, and went around the freshman dorms and handed out flyers for how to download and install the DC++ client, configure it to connect to me, and we all had amazingly fast shares that, due to school IT network structure and my server config couldn't be accessed from off campus (outside a certain IP range) thus being invisible to RIAA

Problem solved- awesome file shares for all- zero liability for most-

We actually worked with RIT's DC crew to allow cross "domain" talk so we could pool our resources/media- between the two schools there were a few who would go and handycam movies in theaters, then drop them on the net, a few more who knew someone who could get screeners, and a large number of students form china/japan who would have pirated copies sent over from friends back home, then we ripped, and put online for all.

RE: What I think...what I did...
By Zoomer on 5/18/2008 7:03:35 PM , Rating: 2
It would work, until RIAA hires some guy for $10 to turn you in.

I wonder how...
By JasonMick on 5/15/08, Rating: -1
RE: I wonder how...
By Chris Peredun on 5/15/2008 8:59:49 AM , Rating: 3
Not sure what exactly you're asking to "remove" - since the automated script is being run by MediaSentry on their computers.

However, blackholing all traffic from MediaSentry's IP range at the perimeter router would probably acheive a similar effect.

RE: I wonder how...
By encryptkeeper on 5/15/08, Rating: 0
RE: I wonder how...
By VashHT on 5/15/2008 10:47:56 AM , Rating: 2
That's a pretty canned response, most people download both old and new music/movies indiscriminately, and if they hate newer music/movies they won't even dl them for free.

RE: I wonder how...
By PitViper007 on 5/15/2008 10:50:34 AM , Rating: 5
I hate to join the crowd that does this, but I'm really getting tired of the comment that generally states, the music/movies are crap, so I'm not gonna pay for them, I'll just D/L them. If it's crap, why do you want them? If you want them, then PAY for them. Simple as that.


RE: I wonder how...
By JasonMick on 5/15/2008 2:05:47 PM , Rating: 4
I agree with your logic. However, I see the whole P2P architecture as a viable vehicle for many to "test-drive" bands, movies etc. I have a MASSIVE legally purchased music collection probably close to 1500 cds, and I have to say a lot of the bands I listen to I downloaded first. I think your argument is true, if you like it, and you can buy it, you should buy it. But some random band/independent film, how will you know if its good or not? P2P provides a very viable means of finding out.

I think there's nothing morally wrong with downloading music/media with the intent of buying it if you like it. Perhaps legal there is, but morally no, and financially no, as you're supporting worthy artists.

Now as far as straight-up piracy I can sort of understand more the argument from some poor college student who doesn't have money to legally buy music. I'm not saying its right, but its certainly less wrong than a person with a professional job downloading music with no intention of eventually buy it.

However I think the RIAA and tools like DRM are also inherently corrupt because they hurt the legitimate customer, and incidentally target young people and uninvolved parties.

RE: I wonder how...
By TSS on 5/15/2008 9:10:21 PM , Rating: 1
i agree on the legal spring board for young musicians, but we all know that's a small part of the P2P data. i've seen enough torrent sites to say for sure that 90% or more on any given torrent site would classify as illegal.

however i kind of disagree with "if you like something you should buy it". it's not that sentance that i have a problem with, it's the "you shouldn't play/use/watch it if you didn't pay for it" that follows.

where not talking about stealing, where talking copyright infringement. it costs money to make that product but in essence, once R&D, development and production costs are earned back the profit just comes falling out of thin air.

for instance how would you feel about pirating windows XP? it's succesor has long since been released, they definitly earned back every single penny they used to make it and a healthy number ontop of that. it's at the end of it's lifespan (or getting very close). we already have technology (Direct x10 for instance) that surpasses the capability of windows XP, and as such will not run under it (officially). and it still costs me 220 bucks if i wanted to get it today.

so i hand over 220 bucks and this dude gives me a package which you know costs just 10 bucks to make at most. didn't cost anything at all to get the right 0's and 1's on that single CD. if you take the blalant ripping-off people which it is and compare it to copyright infringement, i seriously cannot tell you which one is more morally wrong.

go walk into your local toystore. find the games rack, look for Nintendo DS games. you will find atleast a number of 20+ "care for x animal" games. all 40 bucks or more, the only thing different is 1 or 2 models. seriously i have a kid sister who has a stack of 5 maybe 6 games like this and i really can't tell the difference aside from a different coloured puppy. but it's a frickin different colour puppy so she wants to spend her money on it. or games based on movies, anybody here played the PC version of cars? 50 bucks for a top resolution of 640 by 480?

where i draw the line is if somebody else offers me the same software for money only a lower amount. i pay everything or nothing at all. it's either worth it or not. when it is, i'll pay whatever the original owner asks me for it even when it's made out of thin air. however, simply saying "just buy everything for the price they ask for it" in this day and age is the same as saying "please kind sir would you rip me off and may i suck your bawls while you do it"

i still think monty python still expressed it best. "no no no you're supposed to *haggle*".

RE: I wonder how...
By JustTom on 5/16/2008 1:14:15 AM , Rating: 2
But some random band/independent film, how will you know if its good or not?

Anyone with the ability to illegally download music should be able to find legal outlets to listen to independent music. A simple google search would suffice.

RE: I wonder how...
By EglsFly on 5/15/2008 9:31:38 PM , Rating: 2
Problem is music is OVERPRICED.
A movie company can spend over $100 Million on production of a movie, and you can buy it on DVD for the same price as a music CD.

RE: I wonder how...
By bodar on 5/15/2008 11:03:54 PM , Rating: 2
Aww, come on. I bet the record companies spend close to that bribing radio networks to play their product every half-hour. Or is all radio finally owned by one company and they get a volume discount?

Man, was I excited when I found out the stock stereo in my car came with an auxiliary-in jack built into the face.

RE: I wonder how...
By mindless1 on 5/15/2008 9:58:28 PM , Rating: 2
So if you don't like people expressing a very common attitude, if it makes you tired, they have no right to express it anymore? That's pathetic and wrong.

We see this attitude mirrored in everyday life. People will watch OTA or free offerings on their cable or satellite system instead of pay per view, renting a DVD or going to a theater.

IF the particular offering were reasonably available at a fair price, there would tend to be people with the disposible income who would pay to watch as an immediate download - IF they valued it.

Value is always perception when something isn't a life necessity. You perceive they must value something more than they do. I'm not justifying their actions, but IMO your attitude is more wrong than theirs and yet you have one luxury in that the law is on your side - it's not illegal to whine about something.

RE: I wonder how...
By PitViper007 on 5/16/2008 10:03:08 AM , Rating: 2
Hey, if it's free, have at it!! I'm not at all saying that if the owner doesn't charge for their product you HAVE to pay something. What I am saying is that you don't go downloading something that you would normally have to pay for, then give the excuse "oh it's crap anyway, so I don't have to pay for it." That's a BAD rationalization at best.

RE: I wonder how...
By JasonMick on 5/15/2008 10:36:48 AM , Rating: 3
Ha. Yea that was a silly comment. I can tell I haven't had my morning coffee. For some reason I was under the impression that this was a script running on the school networks and acting as a middle man, forwarding the info to some external IP.

If the information is just being routed to a script running on MediaSentry on computers outside the network, I suppose you could just block them off at the external traffic inlet/outlet, like you said. And if you really sly, you could send it fake IPs/dummy data!

Sorry for the silly comment! :( I think I just wanted an excuse to say "fight the good fight".

RE: I wonder how...
By mmntech on 5/15/2008 9:31:55 AM , Rating: 3
It's not even hard for a snot nose kid who has a Programming for Dummies book to get around these. That's the inherent flaw with all DRM. It doesn't prevent piracy yet it harasses legitimate users by preventing legitimate uses.
I think the RIAA's wet dream is for us to go back to the early 1960s before there were PCs, the internet, or any reliable methods of home recording. It amounts to trying to put the Internet Genie back in the bottle as one anti-DRM writer put it. It's amazing that the more technology progresses, the more backwards we seem to go.

RE: I wonder how...
By SiN on 5/15/2008 10:24:26 AM , Rating: 1
WHAT???!? ROLF... did you read any of the text in the article? this has nothing to do with DRM. Its about monitoring IP activity through P2P programs such as limewire (as stated in the article). No Rootkits. No DRM. No content wrapping. Simple P2P exchange of files.

The only way you can get around this is using a proxy of some sort. Im not all that clued up in this proxy stuff, but if they cant detect you, they cant charge you. Right!?

What i know though is that if you channge your IP through a proxy server you can get around Forum Bans, International Show Times (think FOX and NBC programs naitive to US but exported to europe a week or two later). How this works for P2P i dunno, i suspect it would provide a false IP. But if you download copyrighted material, you run the risk of getting caught.

RE: I wonder how...
By SandmanWN on 5/15/2008 10:23:30 AM , Rating: 1
Your lack of knowledge about this subject is frightening. Especially for someone who had so many friends in system administration back at school. lol

Universities rarely ever limit or enforce any traffic monitoring or traffic shaping in their networks. Universities have been historically liberal on allowing just about anything to pass through their network. How do you not know this?

RE: I wonder how...
By solgae1784 on 5/15/2008 10:45:42 AM , Rating: 2
Not in UMCP, at least. Traffic shaping effectively prevented UMCP students from using BitTorrent, at the very least.

RE: I wonder how...
By Chris Peredun on 5/15/2008 11:00:41 AM , Rating: 5
Universities rarely ever limit or enforce any traffic monitoring or traffic shaping in their networks.

As someone with actual experience in the IT department of a large university, I'd just like to say that your comment made me giggle like a small child.

Universities and other educational institutions absolutely filter and shape traffic - especially when it comes to dormitories.

RE: I wonder how...
By HaZaRd2K6 on 5/15/2008 11:06:34 AM , Rating: 2
Exactly. I worked for IST at the University of Waterloo, and while they didn't block any Internet addresses, there was always port scanning to make sure people weren't using P2P file sharing programs. If a certain port was open and being used by, say, LimeWire, the student would get disconnected until a tech could be sent out to remove said offending program.

That being said, at UW there were always methods of getting around that limitation. Using DC++ for network-internal file sharing for one thing, or simply getting a third-party service provider instead of using ResNet.

RE: I wonder how...
By Chris Peredun on 5/15/2008 11:36:20 AM , Rating: 2
Exactly. I worked for IST at the University of Waterloo

Another member of the Pink Tie Crew?

RE: I wonder how...
By SandmanWN on 5/15/08, Rating: 0
RE: I wonder how...
By Chris Peredun on 5/15/2008 1:09:17 PM , Rating: 2
I could quite frankly care less

If you could care less, why don't you?

RE: I wonder how...
By djkrypplephite on 5/15/2008 1:35:35 PM , Rating: 3
That has also annoyed me since I started hearing it. I guess some people don't hear themselves talk.

RE: I wonder how...
By SandmanWN on 5/15/2008 2:05:01 PM , Rating: 2
Why should I?

RE: I wonder how...
By daInvincibleGama on 5/15/2008 6:10:41 PM , Rating: 2
It's "I couldn't care less."

RE: I wonder how...
By SandmanWN on 5/15/08, Rating: 0
RE: I wonder how...
By Nik00117 on 5/15/08, Rating: 0
RE: I wonder how...
By Chris Peredun on 5/15/2008 1:47:51 PM , Rating: 3
Logical fallacy.

"A implies B" does not equal "B implies A" - and "Most people involved in piracy are in an IT-related field" most definitely does not equal "Most people in an IT-related field are involved in piracy."

The scum shall go to jail
By Beenthere on 5/15/08, Rating: -1
RE: The scum shall go to jail
By encryptkeeper on 5/15/2008 9:20:50 AM , Rating: 3
And trolls, too.

RE: The scum shall go to jail
By Eugenics on 5/15/2008 9:23:43 AM , Rating: 2
America was created by pirates ;) Ever wonder what the term Yankee meant?

RE: The scum shall go to jail
By awer26 on 5/15/2008 10:36:48 AM , Rating: 4

RE: The scum shall go to jail
By Samus on 5/15/2008 11:07:46 AM , Rating: 1
I just thought Yankee/Cowboy was a racist slur the europeans & asians use to describe white american males ;)

RE: The scum shall go to jail
By Staples on 5/15/08, Rating: -1
RE: The scum shall go to jail
By nafhan on 5/15/2008 10:00:24 AM , Rating: 5
Anti-DRM and anti-RIAA are not the same as advocating piracy.
I strongly dislike both DRM and the RIAA, but I buy MP3's from Amazon because they are DRM free and in a widely supported file format.

RE: The scum shall go to jail
By JustTom on 5/15/2008 12:40:02 PM , Rating: 4
Technically you are right but seriously, it goes beyond just anti-RIAA and anti-DRM. There is the whole laundry list of justifications for piracy: I wouldn't buy that song anyhow cause it sucks; the record companies are raping the talent; the price is too high; yada yada. There is a substantial sub-group of people posting on DailyTech's boards that are stridently pro-piracy. And while this is painting with a broad brush I suspect most of them are so because they like getting stuff for free.

RE: The scum shall go to jail
By Nik00117 on 5/15/2008 12:49:51 PM , Rating: 2
I think your right :)

RE: The scum shall go to jail
By five40 on 5/15/2008 11:48:48 AM , Rating: 3
You know pretty much everyone on DT so you can't be wrong.

RE: The scum shall go to jail
By Quiescent on 5/15/2008 9:57:12 AM , Rating: 2
I'd like to see how you're going to put everyone who pirates in jail. You wouldn't have enough jail space in the united states to jail pirates in the united states. Then we'd have serial killers, rapists, pedophiles, and trash out on our streets doing their thing while pirates are in jail.

RE: The scum shall go to jail
By SiN on 5/15/2008 10:33:34 AM , Rating: 3
it might put the courts views back into check, at least they'd stop wasting time and money on piracy issues and go back to stopping and preventing real problems.

The bottom line, Piracy is carried out by a small margin of people. It is simple to do for most Daily Tech readers with an understanding of how to do it. But your brother/father/sister/mother who only uses the computer for MySpace and iTunes isn't that clued up on how to do it and will give up at fustration. And usually when they try it they get a virus anyway.

RE: The scum shall go to jail
By JustTom on 5/15/2008 12:35:48 PM , Rating: 2
Oh please, I work at an university every other student knows how to pirate. How hard is installing bittorrent and doing a search?

RE: The scum shall go to jail
By Quiescent on 5/15/2008 1:30:57 PM , Rating: 2
I thought that too. Until I heard that everybody in all the highschools I've been to knew how to use Limewire. That's from about 5 high schools. Pretty small margin, huh? Seems to me you're lost on technology as everyone does pirate. Even one of those schools didn't have legitimate copies of any software.

RE: The scum shall go to jail
By mindless1 on 5/15/2008 10:05:43 PM , Rating: 3
Actually, pirating something can be far easier than writing a mere MS Word document, it is something anyone can do if they had basic computing skills.

What if they google for "browse bittorrent" or a howto, telling them all they have to do is:

1) Install Opera
2) Click on the download link
3) Wait till it's finished.

Pretty likely most can figure it out in a few minutes, but there is a key difference in all cases, CHOICE. It's easy to key a car in a parking lot or litter but whether easy or not is not what keeps it from being more constant, though as with littering we could go so far as to say people might pirate because it's easiest.

You think people get a virus from RIAA related MP3s? Maybe some, but I would suspect if someone hasn't figured out they can't open a new 3rd party file without looking at the file extension first then their system was already infected.

RE: The scum shall go to jail
By Macelind on 5/19/2008 2:42:30 PM , Rating: 2
I hate the term pirate to describe file sharing. Real pirates are thieving murderers and commit violent crimes. File sharing is not a violent crime it is a civil crime.

I like to download songs from time to time and when I find something I like I go buy the album.

If I'm a freaking pirate, I guess I need to get a parrot.
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