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SpaceX's Falcon 9 rocket launched late Friday afternoon, bearing much of the hopes of the fledgling commercial space industry with it.  (Source: SpaceX)

The launch was picture perfect, with a dummy payload delivered in orbit, as planned.  (Source: SpaceX)

The Falcon 9 will propel both cargo loads and human crews aboard SpaceX's Dragon capsule to the International Space Station.  (Source: SpaceX)

Beleagured by Republican critics who want to keep the space industry nationalized and a messy divorce, SpaceX CEO Elon Musk wearily commented, "There’s more weight on our shoulders... I wish there weren’t."  (Source: Wired)
Republicans are criticizing the effort, cry for socialized space industry

At around 2:35 p.m. on Friday, nine engines fired, propelling the 154-ft. SpaceX Falcon 9 from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida into a fiery sprint through the Earth's atmosphere.  Minutes later, the first stage fell off, dropping into the Atlantic Ocean, while a second stage fired, delivering a dummy payload into orbit 155 miles above Earth.  For SpaceX, the mission was picture perfect -- a happy ending to years of struggles.

SpaceX was founded in 2002 by tech-pioneer Elon Musk who serves as the company's CEO and CTO.  Musk, also CEO of Tesla Motors, sunk $100M USD of his own PayPal fortune into the company.

The company first saw success in September 2008 with the launch of its Falcon 1 rocket powered by its Merlin (first stage) and Kestrel (second stage) engines.  On July 14, 2009, a Falcon 1 rocket delivered its first commercial payload -- the Malaysian RazakSAT satellite.  Those successes came after a fair share of failures -- the first three launches of the Falcon 1 proved unsuccessful.

Today, SpaceX is offering Falcon 1 launches for $8.9M USD, with slight discounts for mass contracts.  The Falcon 9, launched Friday, is the next stage in its bid for commercial space dominance.  

The Falcon 9 is designed to carry much higher payloads.  Where as the Falcon 1 can deliver 670 kg to low earth orbit (LEO), the Falcon 9 "heavy" variant can deliver 29 tons of cargo to low Earth orbit.

The first stage of the Falcon 9 is powered by 9 first stage Merlin 1C rockets which burn liquid oxygen (LOX) and rocket-grade kerosene (RP-1) propellants.  Those rockets are fired by dual redundant pyrophoric triethylaluminum-triethylborane (TEA-TEB) igniters.  The first stage can produce 4.94 MN of thrust and 304 sec (3.0 kN/kg) of specific impulse in vacuum.  

A carbon fiber aluminum core composite structure joins the first and second stages.  The design is made more affordable as the engine used in the second stage engine is identical to those found in the first, albeit with a smaller fuel tank and only a single engine.  The second stage engine has a burn time of 345 s.

At a press conference, CEO Musk commented, "I hope people don’t put too much emphasis on our success because it’s simply not correct to have the fate of commercial launch depend on what happens in the next few days. But it certainly does add to the pressure. There’s more weight on our shoulders because of that. I wish there weren’t."

The issue of the commercialization of the space industry has created an unusual role reversal for the Democrats and Republicans in Washington D.C.  President Obama, amid criticism about "nationalizing" the automobile industry is charging ahead with plans
to privatize the space industry, a move long championed by the U.S. Armed Forces.  Under his leadership, NASA has pledged $3.5B USD in contracts to SpaceX and Orbital Transportation Services, a rival firm.

Republicans are decrying the denationalization effort and the delays that have ensued.  Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison, Republican of Texas, commented after the Friday launch, "Make no mistake even this modest success is more than a year behind schedule, and the project deadlines of other private space companies continue to slip as well."

SpaceX is deaf to the criticism, though, and is turning its focus to continued commercialization of the Falcon 1 and Falcon 9 platforms.  It is also hard at work developing its Dragon capsule, a manned vessel that can seat up to 7.  The capsule is expected to launch in a test flight aboard a Falcon 9 rocket, sometime this year or next.  The craft utilizes PICA-X, a proprietary variant of NASA's phenolic impregnated carbon ablator material.

Designs from SpaceX's and Orbital, under Obama's plan will service the International Space Station and replace NASA's aging Shuttle fleet, which is in the process of being retired.

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After reading the title
By FITCamaro on 6/7/2010 6:49:40 AM , Rating: 5
Don't even have to guess the author.

Republicans aren't against a private space industry. They're against a complete lack of NASA having the ability to get cargo and people into space on its own. The US lacking that ability is a huge security issue when China is going full speed to get into space. And they're not going to care when the world cries as they weaponize space. Then instead of being leaders in space, we'll be behind.

RE: After reading the title
By bleekii on 6/7/2010 7:13:17 AM , Rating: 2
How does having three or more private, USA owned, space transportation companies leave NASA without the ability to get the job done? Besides NASA is still working of space vehicles, long range ones. They will be testing a plasma engine in a couple of years which was also developed by a private company/ former astronaut.

RE: After reading the title
By MozeeToby on 6/7/2010 11:51:23 AM , Rating: 4
What you're basically saying (and for the record, I agree with you) is that LEO isn't that hard anymore and there is enough demand that it can be fulfilled economically by commercial operators. If NASA is about pushing the boundary, you've got to realize that LEO is no longer the boundary. Let them focus on the next step; near earth asteroids, the moon, and interplanetary hops.

RE: After reading the title
RE: After reading the title
By bleekii on 6/7/2010 7:22:33 AM , Rating: 5
I should also point out that the Air Force has a space program of its own which is as big as NASA ever was. They handle most of that weapons and defense stuff.

RE: After reading the title
By superPC on 6/7/2010 1:24:26 PM , Rating: 2
This is unfortunate considering what that money could do if the USAF joined with NASA to make a manned spacecraft instead of going its own way.

RE: After reading the title
By SPOOFE on 6/7/2010 3:05:09 PM , Rating: 4
Yeah, they could be twice as inefficient together as they are individually!

RE: After reading the title
By delphinus100 on 6/7/2010 9:55:43 PM , Rating: 2
But the USAF's responsibility pretty much ends at LEO. They don't care about those who whine about 'been there, done that,' 'tired of going round and round,' etc. Farther out is not their job. Getting (back to) to the Moon or to Mars is good, but it matters not at all from a defense perspective.

But USAF/DoD would probably like better ways to LEO (meaning RLVs) as much as NASA should, they just aren't inclined to pay for it...though this may be changing.

RE: After reading the title
By NA1NSXR on 6/7/2010 7:30:42 AM , Rating: 4
This is the kind of bullshit garbage that makes me reconsider having this feed on my news tab in the first place.

RE: After reading the title
By TSS on 6/7/2010 8:09:33 AM , Rating: 3
Heh you're already behind because the bid for the space-tankers will go on for a couple of decades.

And considering what the chinese are still lending you incredible amounts of money i don't think space-weapons is the thing you need to fear them for. And that's a problem both republicans and democrats are to blame for. For starting it or for not stopping it is both equally bad. Ferrying cargo wouldn't be a problem either if you could turn to the US private sector instead of to the russians.

Besides even the chinese can shoot down stuff in orbit. And it's a bit early to start worrying about Ion cannons.

RE: After reading the title
By zmatt on 6/7/2010 8:48:34 AM , Rating: 2
Nasa is working on new stuff. Private American space companies aren't a bad thing. And if you are worrying about wepaonizing space, I'm pretty sure that's the Air Force's department, not NASA. NASA's goal is to explore space and further mankind's knowledge. I think they haven't been too successful in that lately. Not that they have much competition, so they don't have much to worry about. Others have plans to reach the moon but we are still 40 years ahead of them there. Tony Stark isn't worried about that, he is trying to make a buck getting commercial satellites in orbit cheaply and effectively. national security risk? no. Economic opportunity for high tech jobs and bringing engineers back into the US giving us a new technological lead? you betcha. We were the first to explore space and we will be the first to commercialize it. This isn't a bad thing. NASA has no business getting into commercial LEO rockets anyways.

RE: After reading the title
By zinc183 on 6/7/2010 9:19:50 AM , Rating: 3
It's all about where the money is at. I wouldn't be surprised that this sudden change from Obama is to collect some sort of kickback or payback some favors. It's all about the money and the contracts.

RE: After reading the title
By Mr Perfect on 6/7/2010 7:03:28 PM , Rating: 2
There's no need for kickbacks or payback, we've got good old fashioned federal taxes! I can't imagine how much tax they pay the government when each launch is $8.9 million.

RE: After reading the title
By superPC on 6/7/2010 9:54:59 AM , Rating: 3
Agreed. It's good to have several fully private space launch corporation, but that's the problem. it's private. if the US need to launch a manned secret mission (infiltration of hostile space station for example) it has zero ability to do so. if they launched in through private corporation, it can't be a secret anymore since the corporation have to report to shareholders etc.

RE: After reading the title
By gamerk2 on 6/7/2010 10:19:28 AM , Rating: 2
...Wait, coorporations can't hide stuff from shareholders?

I'm pretty sure something like that would go under the "Other Expsnese" collumn on the income statement anyways...

RE: After reading the title
By Uncle on 6/7/2010 12:00:20 PM , Rating: 2
Ya really. Enron(peace be with them)and some of the other corporations that received bailout money have been fleecing the consumers for years. Shareholders turn a blind eye as long as their bank accounts grow larger. 10 mil to 100 mil CEO earnings and still received bailout money, and not a peep from the shareholders. Ever go to a shareholder meeting, they cheer these asses on. Oh sure they go after the occasional ponzi CEO,only because their isn't any solid assets to collect other then their houses and cars. An occasional fall-guy seems to be enough for the public to consume. The rest of Corporate America continues on its merry way until the public screams for more heads to fall. Someone like a Martha Stewart will become a scape goat.

RE: After reading the title
By zmatt on 6/7/2010 10:25:37 AM , Rating: 2
I'm detecting sarcasm, but i'll bite. who said they can't co-exist? There are simply some things in space that NASA has no business getting involved in. For example workhorse rockets. They are there to explore, not send up satellites for directv. The military would be in charge of infiltrating a Chinese space station anyways. NASA is a civilian organization, their job is exploration and scientific discovery as it pertains to space. Not commercial space endeavors and not space warfare.

RE: After reading the title
By superPC on 6/7/2010 1:16:40 PM , Rating: 2
NASA is a government entities. should the situation arise, it's asset can be used for military purposes. and since NASA no longer have any manned spacecraft, as of right now, the US has absolutely ZERO capability to launched a manned military space mission. it's kind of a waste if the US build a new manned space craft just for the military that can't be used for normal NASA research mission.

RE: After reading the title
By delphinus100 on 6/7/2010 10:01:48 PM , Rating: 2
it's kind of a waste if the US build a new manned space craft just for the military that can't be used for normal NASA research mission.

And yet the US government builds specialized combat and research air craft, all the time.

Part of the Shuttle's problem was trying to be all things to all users...

RE: After reading the title
By Jeffk464 on 6/7/2010 1:15:23 PM , Rating: 1
You cant have a secret launch of something this big.

RE: After reading the title
By superPC on 6/7/2010 1:18:55 PM , Rating: 2
we can't have a secret launch but we can have a secret mission attach to that launch, which is impossible to do in a private corporation.

RE: After reading the title
By JediJeb on 6/8/2010 11:45:28 AM , Rating: 2
Just like it was impossible to have a private company build a secret spy plane like the SR71.

I think that through contracts private sector companies can and probably do assist in many "secret missions" that the public never knows about. To say that a private company must tell its board members and share holders every secret would mean that Boeing and Lockheed Martin could never build military aircraft like the F117, B2, and others.

RE: After reading the title
By hashish2020 on 6/7/10, Rating: 0
RE: After reading the title
By delphinus100 on 6/7/2010 10:12:47 PM , Rating: 2
...if they launched in through private corporation, it can't be a secret anymore since the corporation have to report to shareholders etc.

Hughes. Glomar Explorer. It wasn't anyone on the company payroll that leaked that operation...

Nor would it be the first time any private company handled classified material for the government. (However, it is almost impossible to carry out a secret launch of anything, including radar tracking, even though you may not be sure of what's aboard. Any space-capable nation will know if something's slowly approaching one of their assets...)

RE: After reading the title
By hlper on 6/7/2010 11:59:01 AM , Rating: 1
I am pretty sure Republicans are just against Democrats, and the other way around. It doesn't matter what the idea is, we just can't look like we are working together on anything. And we have to say words like communists and socialized to scare stupid voters.

RE: After reading the title
By Jeffk464 on 6/7/2010 1:09:21 PM , Rating: 1
Nasa, still has plenty of rockets to get cargo into space. Its the manned portion of the space program that it is loosing out on.

RE: After reading the title
By Reclaimer77 on 6/7/2010 6:22:24 PM , Rating: 2
lol yeah seriously, "Republicans cry for socializing space!!!!"

Oh Mick, you kill me.

RE: After reading the title
By delphinus100 on 6/7/2010 9:40:17 PM , Rating: 2
The US lacking that ability is a huge security issue when China is going full speed to get into space.

How does that follow? (And 'full speed' China can't even average one LEO flight per year, yet...)

And they're not going to care when the world cries as they weaponize space

Space weapons especially ASATs (as we've seen from both sides, recently) don't have to be manned.

And in any case, how would the so-called 'program of record' have done anything to change this? Constellation would still not have given us Orion/Ares-1 before about 2017. (and would've made a poor, expensive, slow-reaction space fighter) There would still be a 'gap.'

RE: After reading the title
By FPP on 6/8/2010 6:17:34 PM , Rating: 2
I find it interesting that Obama seems to think space travel should be privatized while health care should be nationalized...?...

By nexusone1984 on 6/7/2010 11:07:10 AM , Rating: 4
This program was started under Bush Administration, not sure why Obama is getting false credit. Other then he is supporting what was started under Bush....

You note one person who is a republican against it, but look where they live Texas. They get big dollars from NASA for support services supplied by Texas companies. She has to look out for her state, like that is a no brainier. But Republicans in general are for it.

By quiksilvr on 6/7/2010 1:07:44 PM , Rating: 5
Given that Obama gets false credit for most of Bush's mistakes, this balances things out a bit.

By retrospooty on 6/7/2010 8:01:34 PM , Rating: 2
"Whatever dude. Obama and his sluts have been blaming everything remotely screwed on the previous administration.

Well, that kind of easy to do. Inheriting the worst economy in 80 years, 2 wars without exit strategy, or end in sight, becoming the laughing stock of the world.

Blame Bush admin? Correct. The Bush admin pretty much screwed us into a mess that cant be fixed easily, it will take years. SO now reps are blaming Obama for not fixing it fast enough or well enough? STFU

By Reclaimer77 on 6/7/2010 8:12:45 PM , Rating: 2
Umm Bush lost Congress in 2006 when the Democrats gained a majority. Compare Government spending and debt between 2001-2006 against 2006-2010, then come back and tell me who is responsible for this mess.

Not to mention the plan for "fixing" Bush's "mess" is to continue borrowing money, exponentially increasing our debt, and more Government spending. Hello?

By retrospooty on 6/7/2010 8:25:23 PM , Rating: 2
Dont think that I agree with Obama's overspending, I dont. I would personally like to see a far more fiscally conservative approach. But lets not act like Obama broke us, nor did the slight majority the dems had when they took office in early 2007. Bush and the rep congress from 2000 to 2006 screwed us up BADLY, which is WHY the dems have such a majority now, dont forget that.

You want to talk comparisons? Take the even Budget that Clinton left him with after inheriting Reagan and Bush 1's record deficits. At least Obama has a reason of trying to spend his way out of a massive recession and housing market collapse (also happened on Bush's watch).

By Reclaimer77 on 6/7/2010 9:45:08 PM , Rating: 2
Oh please, they mythical "balanced" Clinton budget.

Clinton benefited from a massive reduced military budget due to the cold war ending and sustained peace. Something he had NOTHING to do with. Secondly, we saw massive tax revenue due to the Internet boom bubble. Again, right place right time.

And what did he manage to do with all this Government revenue? He spent it all and called it "balanced".

But lets not act like Obama broke us

Ummm sorry, but let's. Bush left office with a 700+ billion dollar deficit, not great but totally manageable. That's a fact. What are we up to now? 3-4 trillion? And where will we be when Health Care Reform rolls into town?

"Blame Bush" is getting old man. Wake up.

By retrospooty on 6/7/2010 10:13:19 PM , Rating: 2
""Blame Bush" is getting old man. Wake up."

Easy cop out for a Bush supporter.

No, sorry, he doesn't get a pass on this, he was in charge for a full 8 freegin years that led up to this ole we are in, no pass, sorry... The current overspending sucks, but the deficit is largely due to the economy and the reverse of what you alluded to in hte Clinton years, its called massive recession and massively decreased revenue.

Why is it when it benefits your right slanted argument, you understand booming economy and its increased revenue, but when it goes against your argument, you dont understand that massive recesssion = massively decreased revenue??? Oh, thats right, your full of it, thats how.

By Reclaimer77 on 6/7/2010 10:32:36 PM , Rating: 2
And massive spending = massive debt. You can't put our entire situation on Bush's shoulders no matter how much you try. You say you aren't for what's happening, but then keep bringing up Bush. Why? Because you're a liar, that's why.

Every single move Obama has made has done nothing but make the recession worst, and you're still harping on Bush. Even if you believe Bush was personally 100% responsible for the recession, it doesn't change the fact that your guy hasn't done a single thing to fix it. He's just exploited it, making it worst, to ram home his leftist agenda.

The current overspending sucks, but the deficit is largely due to the economy

Are you an idiot? The Government takes money FROM The economy. How is this level of spending "due to the economy" ? You people who actually think we can spend our way "out" of a recession are completely loony. It doesn't work that way and never has!

By retrospooty on 6/7/2010 10:47:19 PM , Rating: 2
"You people who actually think we can spend our way "out" of a recession are completely loony"

I dont personally think that, although alot of top economists that have spent their entire lives dealing with high finance do. Even Bush and his financial advisors started the first stimulus to do exactly that. Like I said , I dont agree.

If you want to say that Obama is going to make matters worse with his overspending, that is a valid argument, you may well be right. If you say that you don't like where he is taking us, that too is a valid argument... All I am saying is that you cannot blame him for where we are now. The economy was in a tailspin in January 2009 when Obama took office. Bush and the reps got us here.

We went the republican direction for 8 years, most of which they had total control of congress and look what it got us. It got us into the worst economic disaster since the great depression. There is nothing you can say to make that fact disappear.

Blaming Obama for overspending now doesnt change that, neither does changing the subject. You can’t just say “stop blaming Bush”… He and the reps got us here, and time passing doesn’t change facts or history. As a matter of fact, if you want to take it back another step lets talk about the fact that When Obama took office, the reps had the white house for 20 of the previous 28 years and had the congress for 12 of the previous 14. We can’t act like we aren’t dealing with their policies when they have had the majority of power for the past few decades. You just can’t blame all of this on the left, the argument just cant be made.

Government Involvement not such a bad idea
By vcolon on 6/7/2010 8:05:08 AM , Rating: 2
This is an area where I think government involvement is critical. Let's not forget what happened when the government deregulated the airline industry. Yes competition increased dramatically lowering prices across the board, but it also lowered service and quality to new lows. This is where space travel will eventually end up.

By Paj on 6/7/2010 8:50:14 AM , Rating: 2
Yes, I for one know that I will refuse accept a lower standard of service next time I fly to space.

By JediJeb on 6/7/2010 5:49:07 PM , Rating: 2
With lower prices lower service will naturally follow. If you still want better service you simply pay for first class.

As for space, the only way you, I, or our children will ever have a hope of being able to travel there is if private companies commercialize space. If there was ever a call for average citizens to go to the moon or beyond to work, I would be one of the first in line. Things like space tourism and space mining or space manufacturing will be run by private business not government programs. When we do finally start exploring farther out, I imagine that those craft will be built in orbit by private orbital shipyards for NASA to use just as the shuttles were here on the ground. The only place the government will need to be involved is in a role such at the FAA has with control of the airspace.

It's about time...
By AEvangel on 6/7/2010 11:31:20 AM , Rating: 2
My only issue with this is their still keeping NASA around in the first place. Privatize the whole thing and save us a couple of billion.

RE: It's about time...
By SPOOFE on 6/7/2010 3:10:19 PM , Rating: 2
Cut insolvency-causing entitlement spending by a couple percent and you'd have enough money left over for ten NASAs.

RE: It's about time...
By AEvangel on 6/8/2010 6:37:39 PM , Rating: 1
Cut insolvency-causing entitlement spending by a couple percent and you'd have enough money left over for ten NASAs.

I agree, but I would still cut NASA as well.

Editors off for the day?
By DougF on 6/7/2010 9:21:26 AM , Rating: 3
Republicans are criticize effort, cry for socialized space industry

Long weekend maybe?

By FPP on 6/8/2010 6:25:56 PM , Rating: 2
NASA doesn't build rockets. EVERY rocket was built by private industry! What's the difference between Boeing building a rocket and Spacex building a rocket. Has rep. Kay Baily Hutchins LOOKED at where Spacex has it's main facility??????( Texas!)
Republicans are not against this, only the one's who stand to lose from SPACEX's competition to THEIR districts!

By Chiisuchianu on 6/7/2010 7:49:16 PM , Rating: 1
Damn, this teen atheist liberal Jason Merick with his sensational headlines really is downfall of this site. Privatization of space will happen no matter what NASA does and everyone supports this, but we still need NASA to conduct research no one else will do because it isn't immediately profitable.

By Yaos on 6/7/10, Rating: 0
"I'd be pissed too, but you didn't have to go all Minority Report on his ass!" -- Jon Stewart on police raiding Gizmodo editor Jason Chen's home

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