NHTSA could potentially make them requirements for future cars and trucks

As the year comes to a close, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is expected to announce plans regarding advanced braking systems and vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communications.
According to The Detroit News, NHTSA is due to clarify whether it will make advanced braking systems and vehicle-to-vehicle communications requirements for cars and trucks in "the coming days."
Advanced braking systems are a sensor-based technology that can foresee a crash with a pedestrian or another car before it happens, and alerts the driver. It can even automatically apply the brakes before the crash. 
As for vehicle-to-vehicle communications, this technology uses Wi-Fi to allow cars to "speak" to one another as well as their surroundings in order to avoid a crash and improve traffic conditions. For example, your car could let you know that another vehicle ahead is about to blow through a stop sign in an attempt to avoid a crash.
Both have the potential to save lives and make commuting an easier task, which is why NHTSA is expected to either make the technologies requirements for new vehicles, or simply propose add them to the advanced features part of its New Car Assessment program.

Automakers, on the other hand, aren't quite as enthusiastic about the prospect of these technologies becoming requirements. They say such systems could add thousands of dollars to the price of new vehicles, making them more difficult to sell. 

However, many automakers are already working on vehicle-to-vehicle communications systems. For instance, 10 major automakers and technology companies have been working with NHTSA’s Connected Vehicle Research Program since 2012 in a V2V pilot study in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Toyota recently voiced concerns about Wi-Fi messing with vehicle-to-vehicle communications before the House Energy and Commerce panel, suggesting that the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) not allow Wi-Fi to use part of the spectrum designated for automobile systems until tested for safety.

The only collision-avoidance technology NSA has made a requirement at this point is electronic stability control, which stops vehicles from rolling over or leaving a road.

Back in May, NHTSA Administrator David Strickland said he would decide by the end of the year whether future cars and trucks would be required to have automatic brakes.

Source: The Detroit News

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