backtop


Print

Doctor Evil approves this development

The spark plug is one of the key components of an internal combustion engine and for the history of the internal combustion engine. The lowly spark plug is the key component that allows the fuel and air mixture to ignite giving us power to burn rubber, mow lawns, blast through the water at high rates of speed.

The spark plug's days are numbered though thanks to a new breakthrough from some scientists that have found a way to replace the spark with a laser inside the internal combustion engine. According to researchers, the move to lasers from spark plugs will allow cleaner and more efficient vehicles and with the looming increases in mandated fuel economy, the auto industry will need all the help it can get.

Lasers have historically been too large to fit under the hood of a car to be used as ignition sources. Japanese researchers have developed a small multi-beam laser that would be small enough to screw into a cars cylinder head. Just as important as the size being small enough to fit under the hood is the fact that the laser system developed is made from ceramics and can be produced cheaply enough that it can be sold in volume for vehicle use.

The way a laser ignition source would be able to make engines more efficient is by allowing the engines to run leaner, thereby requiring less fuel and producing fewer harmful emissions. The leaner and engine is able the run, the more power it is able to produce as well. That would mean that a laser ignition source could be a great thing for automotive enthusiasts.

Takunori Taira from the Japan National Institutes of Natural Sciences says that the laser beam can also be made to focus into the exact center of the air/fuel mixture. That would allow the explosion inside the combustion chamber to spread the resulting flame in a more efficient manner since it would not be quenched by the surrounding cold metal of the cylinder walls just as it explodes.

He said, "Timing -- quick combustion -- is very important. The more precise the timing, the more efficient the combustion and the better the fuel economy."

The researchers say that to ignite the fuel mixture the laser has to focus 100 gigawatts per square centimeter square with short pulses of more than 10 millijoules each measures in Hz. "In the past, lasers that could meet those requirements were limited to basic research because they were big, inefficient, and unstable." The researchers have created a laser that can meet the requirements using ceramics.

A commercial automotive engine will require pulses of 60Hz to ignite the fuel and the team is testing lasers at 100Hz.





"You can bet that Sony built a long-term business plan about being successful in Japan and that business plan is crumbling." -- Peter Moore, 24 hours before his Microsoft resignation










botimage
Copyright 2017 DailyTech LLC. - RSS Feed | Advertise | About Us | Ethics | FAQ | Terms, Conditions & Privacy Information | Kristopher Kubicki