Hoffecker, study leader and a research associate from the University of Colorado-Boulder, has worked
at sites in the Arctic and Europe, and is an internationally known
archaeologist. He has found that there is archaeological evidence for the
evolution of the human mind.
discovered that the minds power to evolve and create a variety of thoughts that
are communicated through speech, art, movement and technologies is attributed
to the "super-brain," which is the collective mind. According to
Hoffecker, the formation of the super-brain occurred 75,000 years ago in Africa
where the rare ability to "share complex thoughts among individual
brains" took place.
said the human super-brain is very similar to the way honeybees communicate.
Humans are capable of sharing complex thoughts among individual brains, and by
studying the honeybee, which also communicates complex information like food
locations and nest sites through its "waggle dance," Hoffecker was
able to understand how the human brain and super-brain shared information
amongst others through the creation of language, art, movement and
obviously evolved a much wider range of communication tools to
express their thoughts, the most important being language," said
Hoffecker. "Individual human brains within social groups became integrated
into a neurologic internet of sorts, giving birth to the mind."
believes that abstract designs scratched onto mineral pigment 75,000 years ago
in Africa was the starting point of a creative explosion, and is evidence for
the capability of speech. This creative explosion led to new types of artifacts
like stone tools and may have even led to other aspects of human evolution like
bipedalism. Through these evolutionary shifts, early humans were able to communicate complex
thoughts outside of the individual brain.
also noted that the first "crude" stone tools were made 2.5 million
years ago, and then, the first sign of the super-brain came 1.6 million years
ago with the first crafting of the stone hand axe, which showed that the human
brain was capable of imagining something that didn't exist and then created it. These axes represented a whole new
design and a whole new way of thinking.
reflect a design or mental template stored in the nerve cells of the brain and
imposed on the rock, and they seemed to have emerged from a strong feedback
relationship among the hands, eyes, brains and the tools themselves," said
then began creating polished bone awls and shell ornaments by 75,000 years ago.
Hoffecker also theorized that modern humans dispersed from Africa to Europe
around 50,000 to 60,000 years ago, which may be the "minimum date"
for language formation.
the appearance of symbols and language - and the consequent integration of
brains into a super-brain - the human mind seems to have taken off as a
potentially unlimited creative force," said Hoffecker. "Since all
languages have basically the same structure, it is inconceivable to me that
they could have evolved independently at
different times and places."
addition, Hoffecker found ancient bone and ivory needles with eyelets from
45,000 years ago and a small figurine from 40,000 years ago in previous
studies. Ancient musical instruments have been dated back to 30,000 years ago
as well. This stands as more evidence for the evolving creative mind of
it's a hand axe, a flute or a Chevrolet, humans are continually recombining
bits of information into novel forms, and the variations are potentially
infinite," said Hoffecker.
quote: It's more than just an individual's imagination; it's a "common pool of knowledge" dispersed among a group of humans. Whereas before each individual had to learn everything necessary for survival by either trial and error or mimickry (which requires them to be present for the Great Sabertooth Tiger Hunt, so it's only a hair removed from trial and error), the "supermind" would be a direct result of the ability to communicate language.
quote: Early human life must have been a riot.
quote: So what's the big reveal here? Yes, we already know at some point man developed communication skills and communal behavior. So how does this translate into a "super brain"? We're not bees, we aren't born with a pool of knowledge or even good instincts.
quote: It makes me want to explain in scientific detail why the transubstation from bread and wine to flesh and blood is not only impossible, it has never happened.
quote: A group of Christians gather to pray for someone. They say the harder you pray, the more effective God will help the object of their prayers. To me, that spells of the power of the human mind and its capacity to alter the environment through willpower.
quote: In other words, they are the fulfillers of their own prophesy.
quote: No doubt about it. I have long said that if the human race does come to a horrible end in the near future, it will be precisely because these kinds of people made it happen.
quote: And it is Christianity which suffers from flavor-of-the-month syndrome. Just wait, there will be a massive return to the faith the next time someone finds a tater tot that looks like St. Peter in their kid's happy meal.Don't like that? Then perhaps we should avoid mixing scientific debate and theological speculation.
quote: I think the intention of the posting of the article was to push the latest flavor of the month theory for evolution and poke a stick in the eye of Christians on Easter weekend.It doesn't really matter how coherent the argument is, the fact that we're nothing more than advanced bacteria is all that matters. Anything that supports that narrative, be it primordial soup, Lucy, or a Borg-collective "supermind" will suffice. Next month it'll be something different. My money is it'll be on humans came from dung beetles next.
quote: Do these people really expect anyone to believe that skepticism about evolution should lead directly to the conviction that everything written in the bible is literally, word-for-word true?
quote: So if you like to argue, knock yourself out, but nothing you will/can ever say could possibly change his mind - his religion is too central to his understanding of things, too emotionally important for him to ever even contemplate modifying his beliefs to embrace alternative points of view.
quote: Dealing with guys like these is an education in itself.
quote: They know that they have no chance of convincing anyone who isn't a religious fundamentalist unless they can somehow disguise their beliefs as being in the same league as scientific theories.
quote: I'm fine with religious freedom, but I wish people would keep it to themselves...
quote: However, I refuse to stand by and let his drivel go unchecked, because I do have a chance of convincing readers who are still forming their beliefs.
quote: I'm actually a former atheist, raised in a non-religious family (who are all democrats) that is convinced of Christianity because of the scientific evidence...
quote: If you were truly fine with religious freedom, you wouldn't care if people shared their beliefs.
quote: I was raised Roman Catholic just like all my extended family. I have an uncle on one side who is a priest and an aunt on the other side who is a nun....and my online discussions over the years, I definitely have given it the most diligence of thought.
quote: Good job deliberately misquoting me. Here's what I actually said:"I'm fine with religious freedom, but I wish people would keep it to themselves and stop trying to brainwash other people's children ."
quote: I got ahead of myself and forgot to address the most obvious item here: what scientific evidence has convinced you of the truth Christianity?
quote: His faith demands that he deny evolution:
quote: and every one has been an attack on evolution; which, if he were honest - with himself if not with us - is really just a defense of Old Testament literalism.
quote: The really depressing thing here is that he really believes he's being objective and reasonable when he claims that evolution doesn't make sense, but that the whole Noah's-Ark, talking-burning-bush thing is perfectly reasonable.
quote: That's actually NOT true. There is nothing in the scriptures that explains how God created life. It is theoretically possible that God could have used a process of mutation to create new species on Earth.
quote: I'm not one you want to challenge on what the Bible says and doesn't say. Trust me, I know more about the Bible than you can imagine.
quote: And also for the record, the Bible (God) does say the world and universe were created in 6 24 hour periods of time. In those 6 days, ALL life was created. ALL life meaning...ALL life...as well as ALL things in the universe. The church teaches that God rested from creating on the 7th day. That means he stopped creating. It doesn't mean he stopped for a day and then took up creating again. God created everything in the universe in 6 days and nothing more was created after that. Not the smallest particle was ever created again, after he rested. What was created in those 6 days, remains as is to this day. Again...according to the Bible.
quote: I really do hope for you a better life. goodbye.
quote: That's actually NOT true.
quote: In fact, you can prove macro-evolution true to me right now. Just take some fruit flies....
quote: On the other hand, your faith demands that macro-evolution be true, since you absolutely refuse to allow any possibility for God.
quote: My beliefs allow me to go where the evidence leads, your beliefs demand that you swear fealty to Darwinism.
quote: And any Being capable of creating a Universe would consider it a trivial matter to make a bush burn.
quote: Why not just do what most Christians do and accept the bible as an allegorical text? After all, even if you think the bible was inspired by god, the big guy didn't actually write it out himself. Why can't you people acknowledge the obvious, that the bible is an historical work composed and altered over the millennium? btw, did you know that creationism is mostly confined to English-speaking countries. I wonder if one should associate English-speakers with doctrinal inflexibility?
quote: It is clearly true. You are a biblical literalist, and as such, you have no choice but to deny evolution
quote: If I eventually find out from God that He formed all life on Earth by some macro-evolutionary process then so be it.
quote: I remain completely unconvinced that blind, unguided, random processes are capable of creating the information necessary and diversity of life that we see on Earth today.
quote: The rest of this post is really more of a complaint than an argument, so I'm going to skip forward to your next post.
quote: Yet another example of how resolutely closed you remain to counterargument - here you require that god personally tell you that the theory of evolution is correct before you'll admit it's true.
quote: You clearly do not understand how evolution works. It is not by any means unguided: natural selection directs evolution by weeding out those mutations that are not survival-worthy
quote: There is nothing genuine or true about you other than your hatred for humanity and love for the suffering of humanity to continue. Don't bother trying to convince me you aren't evil, either. I know what you are.
quote: This statement reeks of hypocrisy.
quote: The existence of all those mutually-contradictory religions - many of which predate and/or arose independently of OT Judaism - proves that man does, in fact, create gods, he does invent religions out of thin air. The invented gods met the needs of the societies that invented them. Because those societies differed, the religions based on those contingent social circumstances also differed: different socio-historical context, different gods. Every society that has ever existed has had its gods.
quote: I merely apply to all supernatural beliefs the very same skepticism that the Christian applies to every religion except his own. Every fallacy you think I commit when refuting your god, you are guilty of vis-a-vis the other religions. As a monotheist, you are compelled to deny the existence of all gods but your own, yet you accuse atheists of hypocrisy when they deny your god. So who's the real hypocrite here?
quote: There's really nothing here that I disagree with.
quote: I don't think there's anything wrong with being skeptical. I'm skeptical myself. When I look at science, history, sociology, and archeology, I find the evidence for Christianity extremely compelling. I am willing to be persuaded that some other worldview is correct, but I have yet to find another worldview with the same level of supporting evidence.
quote: So you do agree that humanity has invented gods and religions
quote: I also note with interest that even tho where and when one is born determines the religion of most of the rest of humanity, tradition has in no way proved decisive in determining which god you worship, that your religious beliefs are solely the result of open and objective reflection on the world around you.
quote: I note that all of your arguments against science fall into the old god-of-the-gaps category.
quote: I also think that humanity invents false scientific theories to allow itself to live in rebellion against its Creator
quote: The defining characteristic of every fanatic is that he is so in thrall to his pet theory that he never dares examine the psychology that motivates his beliefs.
quote: It's because of statements like the rebellion thing that I have never accepted your repeated claims to have been an atheist.
quote: They hurl all sorts of obnoxious insults at me, not because I have a different belief system than they do (after all, I usually don't see them talking to Hindus or wiccans like this) but because I believe in CHRIST.
quote: Why are atheists so angry and obsessed with people who believe in a Divine Being? It belies an incredible insecurity that is most interesting to study and observe.
quote: You can believe me or not, but there are plenty of atheists out there who have given up atheism and professed a belief in God.
quote: I don't know of any religion other than OT literalism that objects to any scientific theory.
quote: Posters to this forum who claim to be Christian, but have no problem with evolution, encounter no hostility
quote: Is it surprising that you encounter scorn when you come onto a tech site and try to discredit a scientific theory because it threatens the creation myths from a 3000 year old book?!
quote: But what you are doing is proselytizing; not blatantly, but proselytizing none the less. After all, the only way to accept your argement is to buy into the whole OT world-view, so what you are doing is preaching, agitating for your god. Why do that on a tech site?
quote: Personally, I would love for your religion to be be true - minus the Hell and the anti-sex bias, of course - but I can't bring myself to believe something just because I desperately want it to be true
quote: This is precisely the kind of reasoning advanced by the ID sites you constantly link to. (It's no wonder you hold evolution in such low esteem, you read nothing but people who think as you do.) Even if their arguments were sound - and frankly, I distrust anyone who approaches any issue with such an obvious bias - how does one go from, "this seems to conflict with present scientific understanding" to, "the only possible conclusion is that not only was some supernatural being at the root of all this, it was our guy Jehovah."? Anybody who makes the second statement shouldn't be trusted to make the first.
quote: In any case, my days of hounding anti-evolutionists on this, or any other site, are rapidly drawing to a close.
quote: There are plenty of religions out there that have unscientific stories.
quote: ....it doesn't take very long for the atheists to start hurling insults before any Christian ever posted or anyone questioned Darwinism....Not the Hindus who think the Universe was hatched out of an egg
quote: I don't know how many times I have to say this, but Darwinism doesn't disprove Christianity or Judaism.
quote: The general principle I use is that if some are free to openly express contempt and disdain for Christianity on a tech site than I am free to openly express acceptance and admiration for Christianity.
quote: ...I would point out that not all Christians believe the same things about Hell. For example, I personally have been an annihilationist for many years, which is the doctrine that the incorrigible wicked are permanently destroyed in a fiery death rather than tortured for all eternity.
quote: Regarding the sexual commands, there is no healthier or more sexually fulfilling way to live than by practicing sex according to Judeo-Christian principles (saving sex until marriage and staying committed to a lifelong monogamous relationship with your opposite sex spouse).
quote: What a shame. I hope you reconsider.
quote: We're not bees, we aren't born with a pool of knowledge or even good instincts.
quote: I'm still having trouble seeing how significant this gentleman's 'discovery' is
quote: It was terrible.
quote: And then you'll have incredulity to deal with; how can that wet keep-us-alive stuff magically come from dirt? Hooray, we've just invented the word "witch" and "execute"!
quote: until then please stop with the drivel.
quote: Again, evolution says nothing about life evolving from "non-life"
quote: (shhhh...don't tell anyone, but the science is about finding the answers through observation and reasoned experimentation, not about having all the answers for dimwits)
quote: science is about finding the answers through observation and reasoned experimentation
quote: not about having all the answers for dimwits
quote: Thankfully I am no longer burdened with the bullshit of religion....I now know religion was invented by the rich and powerful as a way to control the hearts and minds of the masses. It was never intended as goodness but only a means of control for the elite.
quote: It's the pissant, worthless maggoty Republicans...religious nutballs/Republicans are the real liars and deceivers....shithead Bush got booted the Hell out....If you are defending the goddamn Repubs, you should be ashamed of yourself for defending murder, chaos, slavery, hatred and all manner vile behavior.
quote: He said "Jesus, Jesus". The superstitious religious of the nation will believe they cannot vote against anyone who declares "Jesus"
quote: They defame the innocent and mock the truly good of this world.
quote: Do you deny what the church did to scientists down though history?
quote: But regarding the Christian religion, the sociological facts don't jive with your assertions.
quote: For example, in the United States most conservative religious people vote against the big government liberal democrat party. If they wanted the elite few to be able to control the masses they'd be voting for big government democrats, higher taxes, and nationalized health care, and they vote the opposite way. Seems to me like they don't want the elite few to have control over their lives.
quote: Maybe this is a shocking revelation, they're both elites, we vote for our favorite aristocrat(s), pick yer favorite millionaire dude.
quote: They are so deranged that they even threatened to protest the funeral of a little girl who was killed in Arizona. They did protest the funeral of 3 children who were killed in a trailer fire in Oklahoma.
quote: I look forward to the day we are allowed to know about alien life elsewhere in the universe and being able to traverse the stars in amazing spaceships. I look forward to the day when we all will be exploring the wonders of the universe in person. You nor the church nor any power can remove that
quote: I now have a bright, cheery outlook and attitude about life, the future and humanity.
quote: You can call me a hater all you want, I don't care. The only thing I care about is keeping my conscience clear by fighting against the horror of religion in an effort to help free humanity from it terrible grip.
quote: This is what religion does to people. It causes them to justify anything and everything, no matter if it's illegal or hateful.
quote: An army of "Christian" peasants leaving their medieval ghettos, traversing continents, starving and sometimes even resorting to cannibalism, only so they could throw their tattered hides at a wall in Jerusalem, enough of them to crack an opening for valiant "knights" to storm through, massacring local Muslims, Jews, and even Christians (those damn tans) even in their respective places of worship, and then running back with gold and riches to offer their clergy...
quote: There's much more to the politics behind the Crusades than your kool-aid education has told you about. Contrary to what you may believe, the Muslims weren't exactly living in peaceful isolation bothering no one until some nefarious Christians decided to invade their cities, kill their children and steal their gold.
quote: "Just a quick response. I'm not here to defend "religion" per se, and I agree that many religious systems, be it Islam, Christianity, Judaism or what have you, do forcefully exert control over the people within its sphere of influence.
quote: Let's just call a spade a spade - you hate Christianity and will look for any excuse to attack and denigrate it.
quote: Be that as it may, I'm not here to defend religion in general or the Catholic church.
quote: And in atheistic countries and Islamic countries, the easiest thing in the world would be for Christians to give up their religious beliefs and conform to the societies they live in, yet they do not. Again, this contradicts your bald assertions that religion (by which you mean Christianity) is simply a vessel for control over the masses.
quote: One of the Republican party's greatest achievements was convincing people like you that they stand for small government. One need only look at their track record to see the truth
quote: All it says is that those countries have found alternate means of control (in Iran it's Islam, and in North Korea it's a cult of personality).
quote: I was actually trying to make the point that if Christianity were simply some system of control it wouldn't make any sense for Christians to endure persecution in extremely hostile environments like North Korea or Iran. And which nation is the Christian version of North Korea or Iran? To hear the people around here fret about it, you'd think the Christian police were charging through their front doors and dragging them off to church.
quote: That's just it, "plausible" does not equal "fact"
quote: As long as the church exists, Hell on Earth, chaos and disorder, suffering and horror, will continue to exist.
quote: Yeah, thanks to religion. If religion never existed, there would be none of that horror.
quote: So true. We know this because those societies where atheism and other religious systems (like Islam) are enforced by law are such paradises to live in.
quote: C'mon, WG! There's no reason to point fingers at others when there are scandals in the Christian church like the pedofile priests and people get massacred in the name of Jahve/Jehova/Jesus.
quote: An for shouting out loud, why on earth do all the evolution-related news always turn into religious death matches???
quote: I am not an apologist for the Catholic church, so quit using the Catholic church like some kind of weapon against my Christian beliefs.
quote: ...its more accurate to say that the Catholic church has a homosexual problem...
quote: I think it has to do with the obnoxious atheists who immediately start throwing stones at at Christianity any time any kind of scientific article is posted at this site.
quote: Ok, fair enough. Why don't you quit attacking atheists and using some islamistic extremists like some kind of weapon against the islamic beliefs?
quote: To be quite honest with you I'm not sure what the point of the article was. That humans got really smart X number of years ago and this somehow proves Darwinian macro-evolution?
quote: Humans, on the other hand, are born with virtually no knowledge and have to be taught everything from birth.
quote: We have one key difference that I believe is significant compared to all other life on Earth. We have an imagination, animals and insects don't. Because of the imagination, we can see more than ourselves and the world around us. We can strive to become more and learn more, about things we can't even see and touch.
quote: Putting all religious and origin arguments aside, it makes perfect sense why a Darwinist would compare a man with a bee in that sense. It's because they believe there is nothing special or unique about mankind.
quote: And I find the comparison of humans with bees to be extremely bizarre. The two species are nothing alike. Bees are born with the software built into to their brains to know how to communicate with other bees, navigate by the sun, etc. None of this is learned behavior. Humans, on the other hand, are born with virtually no knowledge and have to be taught everything from birth.
quote: This just demonstrates the strange and bizarre lengths that Darwinists are ready to go to in order to promote their worldview.
quote: From a high-level viewpoint, the human 'super-mind' is analogous to the bumble bee hive-mind in that both examples involve communication for the purpose of collective benefit.
quote: In other words, because you don't understand it, you automatically categorize it as 'extremely bizarre' Darwinist propaganda
quote: While his work obviously proves the former, that in itself doesn't prove the human brain was evolving.
quote: Looking at the use of communication and English, while the ability to communicate has increased in the last 400 years (e.g. invention of the printing press, the invention of the internet, etc) with a proportional drop in the cost of communicating, my observation is the ability to use English, and especially the range of adjectives people know, has gone down.
quote: Why is it that as man evolves into a higher more complex being our languages seem to devolve into less complex structures?
quote: The current evolution of our languages would be an argument that humans are evolving into a less complex intelligence over all instead of becoming a higher intelligence.
quote: Because English was simply too complex to start with. There are thousands more verbs and adjectives than in other languages, and the simple fact is, nobody needs to talk like that anymore to convey meaning.
quote: That would be a bad argument, in my opinion. How is the complexity of spoken language an indicator of IQ? That's a poor, and often unfair, assumption to make. Some of the smartest people in our history were VERY poor communicators.
quote: Why instead of coming together for the greater good of the group do we instead seem to be more worried about the greater good of the individual?
quote: If this "Super Brain" allowed us to come together and share ideas 75,000 years ago and sparked the evolution of our species into a great power, should it not continue to do so?
quote: By trying to seperate the collective knowledge of us humans into a seperate entity they call a "super mind". It won't physically exist, lives inside all of us but we can't communicate directly with it.
quote: The 75K year mark is mentioned as the pivotal year for many things, but then it digs up that really it was 1.6 to 2 million years ago that the "Superbrain" started to come about. Just think that it was maybe some of the concepts here were poorly translated.
quote: 2.5M years ago humans made crude stone tools, 1.6M years ago was the first known stone axe
quote: It's so automatic and ingrained that the notion of looking at certain symbols and not being able to comprehend them is foreign.
quote: Before that we had neanderthals, homo erectus, homo habilus, getting dumber and less developed the further back you go.
quote: Just because they can eat grubs and roots for medicine doesn't mean they are smart.
quote: According to Hoffecker, the formation of the super-brain occurred 75,000 years ago in Africa where the rare ability to "share complex thoughts among individual brains" took place.
quote: Hoffecker believes that abstract designs scratched onto mineral pigment 75,000 years ago in Africa was the starting point of a creative explosion, and is evidence for the capability of speech. This creative explosion led to new types of artifacts like stone tools and may have even led to other aspects of human evolution like bipedalism.
quote: Hoffecker also noted that the first "crude" stone tools were made 2.5 million years ago, and then, the first sign of the super-brain came 1.6 million years ago with the first crafting of the stone hand axe, which showed that the human brain was capable of imagining something that didn't exist and then created it.