quote: Originally Posted by Bill KwongTo ensure that hybrid batteries are returned to Toyota, each battery has a phone number on it to call for recycling information. Salvage companies that want to get a battery recycled can present it to any Toyota dealer and receive a $150 core reward.Toyota has been recycling NiMH batteries since the RAV4 Electric Vehicle was introduced in 1998. Every part of the battery, from the precious metals to the plastic, plates, steel case and the wiring, are recycled or processed for disposal.At the recycler, the battery modules are separated from the wire harness, controller and metal shell (all common materials that are recycled).Using a first generation Prius battery as an example: After the above mentioned parts are removed, there are 89 pounds of batteries. The plates are removed from the cases leaving 11 pounds of plastic cases and 78 pounds of plates/chemicals/and absorbent materials. The plastic cases (Polypropylene) are recycled similar to any other consumer plastic. Of the remaining 78 pounds, we extract 32 pounds of nickel that is sold into the steel industry as an alloy to make stainless steel, four pounds of cobalt that is used in a variety of industries -- other batteries and super alloys, and five pounds of common alloy steel (terminals and intercell connectors). The remaining materials and chemicals are processed for recycling or disposed in an environmentally friendly fashion following local, state, and federal regulations.
quote: so in order to "safely" recycle them "safely"
quote: "And even then, the lithium recovered can't be reused effectively recovered for reuse in batteries"
quote: By thermal regulating their lithium-ions with liquid-cooling (much like gaming rig makers do with CPUs and GPUs)
quote: 1. This report confirms our previous assessment that realistically achievable Lithium Carbonate production will be sufficient for only a small fraction of future PHEV and EV global market requirements, that demand from the portable electronics sector will absorb much of the planned production increases in the next decade and that other battery technologies that use unconstrained resources should be developed for the mass automotive market.2. This report shows that the major economically recoverable Lithium Brine Reserves are lower than previously estimated at only 4 million tonnes of Lithium.3. This report confirms that mass production of Lithium Carbonate is not environmentally sound, it will cause irreparable ecological damage to ecosystems that should be protected and that Lilon propulsion is incompatible with the notion of the “Green Car”.4. This report confirms that the highly focused geographical concentration of Lithium production will exacerbate the already strained geopolitical relations between Latin America and the USA.