Research into butanol has shown promising results

Combining butanol with mutant bacteria and polyester could help double butanol's production in the years to come.

Butanol is able to produce more energy than ethanol and other biofuels, which makes it a popular topic for research.  Butanol normally is used as a solvent or type of chemical to make other chemicals.

Ohio State University researchers believe they created a new method to brew butanol in bacterial fermentation tanks and offers better butanol output from bacteria.  Current scientific standards allow bacteria to produce 15 grams of butanol for every liter in the tank, then the tank is simply too toxic for bacteria growth.  However, OSU researchers created a new mutant strain of bacteria that is able to produce up to 30 grams of butanol per liter.

Butanol is an important biofuel, as it can be blended easily with gasoline, used in internal combustion engines without expensive, difficult modifications, and can be distributed with pipelines in use today.

Biofuels are being heavily researched today as the fuel of tomorrow, in an effort to help the environment and move Americans away from traditional gasoline.  As an example, researchers are trying to bioengineer yeast and other microbes into biofuels that can be used to power vehicles in the next decade.

Furthermore, Tulane University researchers are attempting to extract bateria out of animal feces that is able to break down cellulose in animals.  Ideally, a genetically modified bacteria could be used in landfills to help turn some waste into fuel. 

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